National Education Policy 2020: Recently, Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank had told about the new education policy. In this new education policy, many changes have been made in the field of education. The new National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 has been approved by the Cabinet. In the coming time, this new education policy will bring many changes in the education system from school to college level, which are not seen till date.
National Education Policy 2020
According to Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, in the new education policy 2020, many major changes have been made from School Education to Higher Education (Graduation & Post Graduation). In the press conference, he said that there will be a single regulator for higher education, which does not include law and medical education. The new education policy aims to reach 50 per cent GER in higher education by 2035.
Apart from this, in the new education policy 2020, e-courses will be developed in regional languages, meaning that no language will be imposed on education children, they can study in English, Hindi and their regional language as per their interest and also take exams. Can. Under the new education policy, a virtual lab is being developed for the 360 development of children and a National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) is being created.
The new education policy will be prepared based on the roadmap or syllabus of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 in 2020. This includes the last 4 years 9th to 12th. Now if a student wants to learn new skills (eg coding, management, research, development) from class 6, then he can additionally be included in the main curriculum for physical and mental development.
The following stages have been included in the new education policy which is as follows
The first three years children will take pre-schooling education in Anganwadi. Then in the next two years, children in class one and two will study in school. A new curriculum will be prepared for these five years of studies. The focus will be largely on activity-based learning. It will cover children between three and eight years of age. In this way, the first five years of studies will be completed.
Special care will be taken on the education of disadvantaged groups (SEDG) from a social and economic perspective. The National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) will be developed by the National Council for Teacher Education by the year 2022, for which consultation with NCERT, SCERT, teachers and specialist organizations of all levels and fields will be done. A target has also been set, which is currently 4.43 per cent. The goal of the new education is to provide quality education to every child aged 3-18 by 2030.
New Shiksha Policy In this phase, classes 3 to 5 will be studied. During this time, children will be taught science, mathematics, arts etc. through experiments. After that children from 8 to 11 years will be covered in it.
Emphasis will be laid on the basic merit of reading-writing and addition-subtraction (numerical knowledge). On the establishment of ‘A National Mission on Basic Literacy and Numerical Knowledge’ by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) in ‘NEP 2020’, considering basic literacy and attainment of numeracy knowledge as the most essential and first requirement for learning properly. Special emphasis is given. The NCERT will develop into a National Curriculum and Educational Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) for children up to the age of 8 years.
The New Education Policy 2020 will cover classes 6-8 and cover children aged 11-14. These classes will be taught subject-based courses. Skill development courses will also be started from class 6.
Vocational courses will be started from Class VI. For this, its interested students will be given an internship from class VI onwards. Also, music and arts will be promoted. These will be implemented in the course. For the first time, multiple entries and exit systems have been implemented. In today’s system, if after four years of engineering or six semesters, you are unable to study for any reason, then you have no solution, but after one year certificate in multiple entries and exit system, diploma after two years and Degree will be available after three to four years. This will be of great benefit to those students whose studies are missed for some reason.
Classes 9 to 12 will be taught in two stages in which subjects will be studied. In this, the student will also have the freedom to choose subjects. The goal of the new education is to provide quality education to every child aged 3-18 by 2030. After the exit of schooling, every child will also have a life skill. So that he can easily do whatever he wants to start work in the field.
In the new education policy, up to class 5 will be taught in the mother tongue, local or regional language, this can be extended to class 8 or beyond. The study of other and foreign languages will start from the secondary level. A target of Education For All has been set up to secondary level with 100% GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) in school education by the year 2030. There are still 2 crore children who never went to school. To bring such children into the mainstream, development of school infrastructure and new education centres will be set up.
India will change with the new curriculum
The new curriculum of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 will be implemented instead of the 10 + 2 structure of the school curriculum which is for children aged 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 respectively. There is a provision to bring 3-6-year-old children who have been kept far away under the school curriculum. The new system will have 12 years of schooling and three years of Anganwadi with pre-schooling. Under this, three years’ pre-primary and first and second classes have been kept for the students to study in the initial stage. The third, fourth and fifth classes are placed in the next stage.
After this, the introduction of the subject will be done in middle school ie 6-8 class. All students will take exams in class III, V and VIII only. The 10th and 12th board exams will continue as before. But these will be redesigned keeping the goal in mind for the development of children. A new National Assessment Center ‘Assay (Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Overall Development) will be established as a standards-defining body.
In the new education policy, students will also have the freedom that if they want to skip a course and join the other course, then they can take a break from the first course for a particular time and join the second course. Many changes have been made in higher education. There will be a four-year degree program for students who want to do research. Those who want to get into jobs will do a three-year degree program. But those who want to go into research can do PhD directly after a four-year degree program with a one-year MA. They will not need M.Phil.
Government changes in new education policy in higher education
- Multiple entries and exit options in higher education
- Five-year course exemption in MPhil
- Autonomy based on the accreditation of colleges
- National Mission for Mentoring
- Same regulator for education
- Legal and medical education is not included.
- Government and private education standards will be the same
- National Research Foundation (NRF) to be established
- Technology will get boosted in education
- Changes have been made in education for disabled people.
- E-courses to be introduced in 8 regional languages
Changes made in school education
- Early Childhood Care and Education will be provided for children aged 3 to 6 years
- National Mission on Foundation Literacy and Numeracy will be launched by NCERT
- The study of 9th to 12th will be based on 5 + 3 + 3 + 4
- New skills for children: coding course will be started
- Extracurricular activities will be included in the main curriculum
- Emphasis on vocational: studies will start from class 6
- New National Curriculum Framework prepared: Board exam in two parts (semester system) which will be available till now in higher education
- Life skills will be included in the report card
- Ensuring education for every child by the year 2030
The government will focus on these things in the new education policy (New Education Policy 2020)
Every child must learn at least one vocation and get information about many more things.
Know the occupations related to important commercial crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metalwork, gardening, pottery, etc., decided by states and local communities during grades 6-8. By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system will be at risk for vocational education for which appropriate steps will also be taken to enhance teachers’ knowledge. A 10-day bagless period internship will be conducted for some time with local professional experts such as carpenters, gardeners, potters, artists, etc. while studying 6-8 to 10th.