Many people have some confusion about cancer, especially in the case of breast cancer. Women also have very little information about this mammogram. They should have complete information about it, so here we are giving the form of Q&A about it. Dr. Pranjali Gadgil of Jupiter Hospital, Pune, who is a breast cancer surgeon, explained this in detail.
What is a mammogram?
Mammogram This is a special type of X-ray extracted from the soft tissue of the breast. This test is done by special equipment in the mammography center. Two X-rays of each breast are extracted by very subtle, low energy radiation. Radiologists test these pictures and prepare the results.
Why not get a mammogram done with no breast complaints?
Breast cancer ie breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, hence it is advised by experts that women should get an annual examination after the age of 40 years. Breast cancer can be diagnosed in women undergoing regular check-ups even before the hand touches a lump. It is easily treated by treating it in the initial stage. Also, there is no serious problem or risk of life. Screening done for this purpose in healthy women is called screening mammography.
Should mammography or sonography be done if there is a lump in the breast?
For women below 60 years, first breast sonography ie ultrasound examination is done. Sonography uses sound waves, not using X-rays. For women above 40 years of age, first mammography is followed by sonography as required. With both tests complementing each other, sometimes both devices are used for a complete diagnosis. Expert advice is also mandatory for these investigations.
Every lump seen in mammogram, it is necessary to have cancer?
70 percent of bales can be caused by many other reasons, not cancer (meaning malignant). These defects are called benign breast diseases. Under this, breast cyst fibroadenoma infections and many other types of breast disease are covered.
What preparations should be done while going for mammography?
After bathing in the morning one should go for checkup without using powder, cream, deodorant etc. There is no need to have an empty stomach for this test. Keep with you all the mammography and sonography reports done earlier. It is necessary to compare the new investigation with the report of the old film. Prior biopsies and reports of important surgeries are also required to be kept together.
Does it hurt while doing mammography?
While taking an X-ray, the breast is placed between the plates for 5 to 10 seconds, due to which pressure is felt on the breast. Having experienced technicians and modern equipment makes the investigation absolutely easy. IV for this Injections and contrast dias are not required.
What to do when a mammogram arrives?
If something is shown to be inappropriate in the mammogram, further investigation is done to make a proper diagnosis. Doubt is mostly overcome by sonography. Sometimes tomosynthesis or breast MRI and special imaging devices are also used. If there is any possibility of cancer or its primary stage, then needle examination means biopsy is done. Sonography is used for biopsy of non-tactile lumps.
Can you avoid cancer by doing mammography?
Cancer is diagnosed in the first stage in women who perform annual mammograms regularly. Because of this, treatment can be easily avoided and any serious risk can be avoided. Mammography does not stop the reproduction of cancer, but by timely diagnosis and treatment, the damage is reduced.
In family history, mother, sister, aunt, aunt, etc. If any of them have cancer, what precautions should be taken?
Breast cancer: It is genetic in 5 to 10 percent of patients. In such a situation, genetic testing should be done after consulting the appropriate breast doctor / breast surgeon. Qualified checkups and treatments are recommended by studying your age, breast examination report, family history, genetic report.
Hands feel the touch of a lump, but what should be done if not seen in mammography?
Before any mammography complaint, a doctor should have a checkup done before mammography. There may be many reasons why the lump does not appear in mammography. If the position is not given properly at the time of examination, then the full part of the breast does not appear in the picture. In some women, only an X-ray examination is not sufficient when there is a deep breast breast, so the help of sonography or other equipment is taken. If you are not satisfied with the examination, you must consult the breast doctor or breast surgeon.
Should a woman who has been treated after being diagnosed with breast cancer also undergo mammography?
If a complete part of the breast is removed by mastectomy operation, annual examination of the other breast is still necessary. If a lumpectomy has been done by keeping only a part of the breast, then mammography is done every six months for the first one or two years and after that an annual examination is done. It is necessary for the cancer patients to get regular checkups done according to the oncologist.