Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay spent a very challenging night at a height of about 27,900 feet the day before climbing the summit.
Edmund Hillary-Tenzing Norgay (File Photo)
Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world located in Nepal. Climbers from all over the world reach Nepal every year to conquer this peak. But the first attempt to conquer Mount Everest was done by Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay of Nepal. Hillary and Norgay achieved this record on this day. On 29 May 1953, at 11.30 am Hillary and Norgay became the first climbers to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
Hillary and Norgay were both part of the British expedition, the day before the summit, they spent a very challenging night at an altitude of about 27,900 feet. The world came to know about this record of both people on June 2, when Queen Elizabeth II was being crowned. The British considered it an auspicious sign for the future of the country.
The name of the mountain named after the British surveyor Sir George Everest
Mount Everest is located on the summit of the Great Himalayas in Asia, which is present on the border between Nepal and Tibet. It is called Chomo-Lungma or the Goddess of the land by the Tibetans. At the same time, the British named this mountain Mount Everest after the 19th century British surveyor of South Asia, Sir George Everest. The British had been trying to conquer this peak for a long time. But due to challenging circumstances, he was not able to do so.
Everest expedition started with special equipment
In 1949, Nepal opened its doors to the outside world. Subsequently, in 1953, a major British campaign was launched under the command of Colonel John Hunt. Skilled climbers like Tenzing Norgay were also involved in this expedition. It also included people from the British Commonwealth, including New Zealand’s George Lowe and Edmund Hillary. The members of the expedition were equipped with special shoes and clothing, portable radio equipment and open-ended close-circuit oxygen systems.
Before Hillary and Norgay, these people had the opportunity to conquer Everest
In April 1953, the campaign to conquer Everest began. Team members were moving ahead of Kumbhoo Icefall. On May 26, Charles Evans and Tom Bordillon first attempted to conquer Everest, but had to return only 300 feet from the target. Actually, there was something wrong with his oxygen set. On May 28, Tenzing and Hillary set up a camp at an altitude of 27,900 feet.
Hillary and Norgay reach Everest summit on 29 May
The next day both reached the South Summit at 9 in the morning, after a cold and a turning night. After this, it took both of them an hour to reach a rocky place situated at a height of 40 feet. Hillary first arrived here and then threw the rope and called Norgay up. After this, after completing a bit more path, both the climbers were present on the summit of the highest peak of the world at 11.30 am on 29 May.
In this way, information about both Everest Fatah reached London
This news was transmitted to a runner at the base camp of the campaign. After this information was given to the radio post of Namche Bazaar, which sent this message through a code message in London. Queen Elizabeth II came to know about the climax of the two climbers on the evening of June 1. The next day Elizabeth was crowned and the world was informed. Hillary and Hunt, who led the expedition, were knighted. While Norgay was awarded the British Empire Medal.
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