Symptoms of an overdose can range broadly, relying on which substance, or substances, the particular person used. But more and more, bystanders are discovering themselves within the function of first responder as public overdose deaths enhance in Denver.
Here are some signs of drug overdoses and recommendations on the right way to reply, in response to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Boulder County well being officers and the National Harm Reduction Coalition.
Symptoms of an opioid overdose embody:
- Loss of consciousness
- Pinpoint pupils
- Breathing difficulties or stopped respiratory
- Choking, gurgling or loud night breathing sounds
- Blue or purple lips or fingertips
- Being unresponsive to loud noises, shaking or painful stimuli
Symptoms of a stimulant overdose embody:
- Increased physique temperature
- Rapid respiratory
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
- Panic, hallucinations or paranoia
- Aggressive conduct
- Seizures and convulsions
If you encounter somebody doubtlessly overdosing, you first ought to name 911.
If the particular person is experiencing a stimulant overdose, assist them keep calm and lie down. Make positive they’re respiratory, and defend their head from any sudden motion.
If it’s clear that they’re experiencing an opioid overdose, shake them or rub their sternum together with your knuckles — actions which might be meant to assist them regain consciousness.
If you could have naloxone, use it. It is not going to hurt them, even when they don’t have opioids of their physique. If they’ve a pulse however will not be respiratory, or their respiratory is weak, carry out rescue respiratory: Plug the particular person’s nostril and provides one breath into the mouth each six seconds. Administer CPR if you’re educated.
Colorado’s Good Samaritan legislation protects folks from legal prosecution of low-level drug crimes, like paraphernalia or possession of small quantities of medicine, in the event that they report somebody overdosing and stay on the scene. People who, in good religion, attempt to save somebody are additionally shielded from potential civil legal responsibility beneath Colorado legislation.
A map of pharmacies that promote naloxone is offered at www.stoptheclockcolorado.org/map. No prescription is required to purchase naloxone, and a few native governments, together with Denver, present it free to their residents.