Eggs and chicken have become an important food of the people at this time. There is no such village or city where people do not consume eggs and chicken. These days people are showing a lot of interest in the poultry farm business to meet the growing demand for eggs and chicken. This is a very good and profitable business, for this business, the government also provides loans at a very low-interest rate.
If you are also thinking of starting a new business, then poultry farms can also be a good option. Today we are telling you in detail about the establishment of poultry farm.
Proper and Adequate Space
The place is of paramount importance for the business of poultry farms. This trade requires a very large space. Poultry farms require large and clean spaces. If you had to buy land to meet the needs of the place, it could be the most expensive part of the business.
Another option you can have for the land is that you can set up a poultry farm on any vacant land lying around your house. The length of the ground also depends on the number of chickens that raise the width.
For example, a minimum of 01 square feet of land is required for rearing a chicken. If a chicken gets 1.5 feet of space then its eggs or chicks will not be damaged, ie they will be completely safe.
Types of Poultry Farms
There are several types of poultry farms which are described as follows:
Boiler Farm: Boiler farm is called normal poultry farm, in which chickens are purchased and nurtured from here, chicken is prepared and sold in 40 to 50 days.
Egg Farm: Under this farm, you have to nurture good quality chickens and sell their eggs. We recommend that you start with boiler farms as soon as you start getting profits, you can start the egg farm business too. The business of both farms can give you great profits.
New Business: How To Start Solar Business In India?
Description of The Environment For The Establishment of The Poultry Farm
An ideal poultry farm requires at least 1000 square feet of space. You can follow 1000 chickens in it. For the establishment of a poultry farm, one should choose the place which is at a distance from the city, the chickens have trouble with the horns and pollution of the trains. To start this business at a place with less traffic
Before choosing the place, make sure that there is no shortage of water at the said place. You will need enough water for proper nutrition and cleanliness of the chickens. If you get any land around your house then there will be no problem with water.
Take stock of the transport system at the place where the poultry farm is to be started. Transportation is of great importance to the success of any business. Many people trade the poultry farm in the vacant place of their house. There is no harm in doing it, but it smells bad, so if you do it outside the campus of your house, it would be better.
There is a need for electricity in the poultry farm, before starting the business, take commercial electricity connection.
Registration Made For Business
is mandatory for any business. It is not right to start a business without completing paperwork. The poultry farm business has to be registered through MSME. With the help of MSME, the registration of business is done easily.
- To register, you must first go to the website.
- From here you can apply for online registration.
- After visiting this website, you will see a form, where you will have to enter your Aadhaar number and name.
- After this, you will see the option of Valid Aadhaar click on it.
- On click, your Aadhaar is approved and instructions are given for further processing.
- After this, you will be asked for your poultry farm company name, company type, work address, city, district, state, PIN, mobile number, email address, business start date, bank details, company details etc. Fill it outright, in the end, you will be asked for captcha.
- After filling it, click on the submit button.
After this, the certificate is generated by the MSME. You get this certificate by email. You can print it out. Xerox this print and put it in the office of poultry farm. After completing this process your company is registered. With its help, you can also take a loan from your government or non-government institutions.
How Much Capital To Invest?
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development ie NABARD has prepared a model project for the poultry farm. According to this report, if you want to start a good profitable poultry farm, then start trading with at least 10 thousand chickens. In this, you will have to invest a capital of at least Rs 04 to 05 lakhs. If you want to take a bank loan for this, you can get a loan of up to 75 per cent.
How Much Money Can You Make in a Poultry Farm Business?
According to an estimate, a healthy chick is available for Rs 16 to 18. On getting regular nutrition and nutritious diet, this chick becomes one kilo in 40 days. These chickens also start laying eggs in 04 months. A healthy chick lays up to 300 eggs in a year and a half. After adding the expenses of the purchase of chick, their grain, their medicines, rent, electricity bill, transport etc., you can comfortably earn 25 to 30 per cent.
Things To Be Consider Before Start Poultry Farm Business
Sheds have to be built for poultry farms. According to an estimate, on average, it can cost up to Rs. 01 lakh. To build a shed, take care that the shed is fully fixed. Take full care of pipes, welding and roofing to build a shed. It should be kept in mind that to prevent water from entering your farm, you should make a wall of 02 feet and pack the entire farm with a net. Before constructing a shed, look at a nearby poultry farm and get an idea from it. If you want, you can also take help of an expert who makes a shed.
Always make your poultry farm in the shape of a rectangle in the east to west direction. On forming a farm in such a direction, the chickens feel less sunshine and the temperature is also maintained. The health of chickens is affected by temperature imbalance.
Need for Water and Electricity
A lot of goods are needed to start a poultry farm. The farm should have an uninterrupted water supply for 24 hours. For this, you can arrange wells and borewells. For storing water, you need to prepare a large tank and a great drinking system for chickens. The arrangement should be such that the water reaches the chickens by pressing the button only once.
You will get all the equipment of the drilling system at any hardware store in the market. Buy equipment of good quality only.
All the tools related to the feeding system are available in the market. Get it set in your farm with the help of an experienced expert.
Chickens do not like darkness. After much research, it has been found that chickens do not like the food in the half. In the farm where there is more light, the chickens are ready quickly and where there is less light, the chickens are relatively weak. One reason for this is that the temperature of the farm is maintained due to light. Because of the light, the chickens spend much of their time eating at night time. During the night there is a quiet atmosphere, due to which the chickens converge and take food. If the arrangement of the light is irregular, then you will have to manage the generator set. If you find the system of generator set to be expensive, then you can also use a solar system.
If you want to start an egg farm, you will need a chicken box. It is used to keep eggs safe. Chickens can lay eggs well in this chicken box. Keeping eggs in the chicken box does not spoil the eggs and is completely safe.
Often flies and insects thrive due to dirt in the poultry farm, for this, you need fly trie. By spraying it, cleanliness is maintained in the farm and the nutrition of chickens is not affected, along with this, egg washer should also be used. Eggs are cleaned with the help of this equipment and water. Only after this cleaning, it is sent to the market for sale.
Forage For Chickens
Better and proper rearing of chickens depends on the quality of their food. Always choose good quality food products for chickens. Chickens require a sufficient amount of calcium and protein, so choose similar fodder that contains this element in plenty.
How To Take Care of Chickens?
It takes about 40 to 50 days for a chick to grow properly and grow. Chicks have to be very cared for 40 days because these chickens are very fragile.
These chicks should be followed carefully for a week of onset. Whenever taking any newborn chicks in your hands, wash your hands thoroughly before that and clean them, only then apply the chicks.
Make contact with a doctor who has good knowledge of poultry and keep getting chicks and needles etc. from time to time. Check them regularly every week so that they can be protected from diseases and untimely death.
Chickens eat more food at night, too much food is also harmful to the chickens. In the night, insects thrive more in the food, chickens are prone to infection due to these insects. To arrange to kill insects from your farm. Clean the farm regularly, every two to three days in the vessel in which chickens are given fodder and water.
Manage a Heater or Light in cold Weather
Take special care of the chicks of old age. Give them calcium and protein-rich food. Add chickens at least 03 times a day and at most 04 times. Use the insecticidal substance in their food with the advice of the animal physician. Boilers catch chickens early, so always be careful about their health.
Any business is successful only when it is done with hard work, dedication and dedication. In the initial phase, a little discomfort and trouble may come out, but time and experience slowly learn everything. One good thing in the poultry farm business is that you do not have to wait long for the profits. Your business picks up in 40 days.