This glow had long remained a mystery to experts. Scientists say that for more than 40 years, we were surprised about Jupiter’s X-ray aurora.
The mysterious glow seen on the planet Jupiter. Photo Credit: ESA
In the infinite world of the universe, there is something new to see every day. Now scientists have got to see the mysterious glow of X-rays from Jupiter i.e. Jupiter’s aurora. In a new study, it has been found that the brightness seen on this giant planet is very similar to the Northern Lights seen on Earth. (Mystery of Jupiter powerful X Ray auroras solved after 40 years similar like Earth northern lights)
Aurora, meaning a shimmering display of beautiful light, is called the Northern or Southern Lights on Earth. It is visible from the top of the poles on many planets around the solar system. These dancing lights are actually produced when the energized particles of the Sun or other celestial body collide with the magnetosphere of a planet. Due to this, its particles spread in the atmosphere of the magnetic field lines.
20 thousand times more powerful than earth
Jupiter’s magnetic field is very strong. It is 20 thousand times more powerful than Earth. Therefore its magnetosphere is very large. If this magnetosphere is visible in the night sky, then it can cover many times more area than the moon. Jupiter’s aurora is more powerful than Earth. It releases hundreds of gigawatts of energy. It is so much that the entire human race can get electricity from it.
For the first time, astronomers have seen the entire mechanism at work – and it could be a process occurring in many other parts of the Universe too 👉https://t.co/tsVxKDCMFT #ExploreFarther pic.twitter.com/ccQ5fI4Xjx
– ESA Science (@esascience) July 9, 2021
Mysterious X-rays emerge on the planet
A mysterious X-ray glow also emanates from Jupiter’s aurora. These electrically charged sulfur and oxygen ions are dispersed on Jupiter’s volcanic moon. These X-rays release so much energy that electricity can be supplied all over the earth for several days.
Mystery was made for 40 years
This glow had long remained a mystery to experts. “For more than 40 years, we were surprised by Jupiter’s X-ray aurora,” study co-author Zhonghua Yoo, a scientist at the Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics in Beijing, told Space.com. To find the source of this glow, researchers took the help of NASA’s Juno Probe. It went to Jupiter’s orbit on July 16 and 17, 2017 to study its magnetosphere. Apart from this, data taken from the European Space Agency’s XMM-Newton Telescope was also studied.
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