The US space agency NASA has achieved significant success in its mission to Mars. NASA has succeeded in converting the thin carbon dioxide oxide rich atmosphere of Mars to oxygen for the first time. On 18 February, the Mars Oxygen In-situ Resource Utilization Experiment (MOXIE), which landed with a Preservance Rover on the surface of Mars, made its first experiment on the surface of Mars by creating oxygen in the atmosphere there. According to the information given on NASA’s website, this experiment was completed on April 20 and 5.4 grams of oxygen was prepared in it, which is enough for an astronaut to breathe for 10 minutes. The six-wheeled robot sent to Mars has a toaster size experiment instrument that did its first experiment on the surface of Mars.
Mars has 96 percent carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and Moxie has succeeded in separating oxygen molecules in carbon dioxide to produce oxygen. Carbon dioxide is made up of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. In this process, carbon monoxide is emitted in the atmosphere of Mars. This process requires a temperature of 800 ° C. In such a situation, the moxie has been made to tolerate high temperature.
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Apart from astronauts, oxygen is also necessary for rockets.
MOXIE Principal Investigator Michael Hate said oxygen is essential not only for astronauts but also for rockets. Michael says that we all take oxygen, but apart from this, rocket propellant also depends on oxygen. The benefit of this new experiment of NASA will be given to astronauts going to Mars in the future to return to Earth from the surface of Mars.
There will be no need to carry more oxygen till Mars
In order to burn the fuel of rocket, more oxygen is required according to its weight. Michael informed that about 7 metric tons of rocket fuel and 25 metric tons of oxygen would be needed to send four astronauts to the surface of Mars. In comparison, the Astronauts will require less oxygen to work on the surface of Mars for a year and presumably use one metric ton of oxygen. According to Michael, sending 25 tons of oxygen from Earth to Mars is a huge task. Instead, he says that a tonne of oxygen converter, which is a more powerful product of MOXIE, will be able to make 25 tons of oxygen on the surface of Mars and it will be much better.