The “millennia-old mystery” of why ingesting crimson wine may cause virtually rapid complications has been solved, in accordance with scientists.
While ingesting periods generally trigger hangovers the subsequent day, “red wine headaches” can strike in underneath half-hour, or as much as three hours after only one small glass.
Researchers on the University of California have now found a naturally occurring compound is likely to be responsible.
The substance, known as quercetin, is an otherwise-healthy antioxidant and a kind of flavanol, a plant pigment which supplies fruit and greens their color.
When mixed with crimson wine, it may possibly disrupt an individual’s means to interrupt down alcohol – which may immediate migraines, flushes and nausea, in addition to complications.
Professor emeritus Andrew Waterhouse, from the college’s viticulture and enology division, stated: “When it gets in your bloodstream, your body converts it to a different form called quercetin glucuronide.
“In that kind, it blocks the metabolism of alcohol.”
Quercetin glucuronide may immediate acetaldehyde, a toxin, to build up within the physique.
Fellow researcher Dr Apramita Devi stated: “Acetaldehyde is a well known toxin, irritant and inflammatory substance.
“Researchers know that high levels of acetaldehyde can cause facial flushing, headache and nausea.”
More from Sky News:
NHS informed to supply remedy for menopause
Endometriosis – the situation with no remedy
Not all crimson wines have the identical impact, the analysis suggests, with daylight, age and the wine-making course of all influencing whether or not a glass will set off a headache.
Wines from sunnier areas usually tend to have excessive portions of quercetin, making them extra more likely to set off a near-immediate headache.
Professor Morris Levin, the examine’s co-author, additionally famous that individuals with pre-existing migraines or different headache situations usually tend to undergo from crimson wine complications.
“We think we are finally on the right track toward explaining this millennia-old mystery,” he said.
“The next step is to test it scientifically on people who develop these headaches, so stay tuned.”