Today, 17 September is the 70th birthday of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. On this occasion, PM Modi is getting congratulations from the country as well as abroad. Many people are appreciating the many decisions taken under Modi’s leadership. The Modi government came to power in the country first in 2014 and then in the year 2019. In the second term too, the central government made many big and important decisions under the leadership of PM Modi. Some schemes were also introduced and new announcements were also made, which claimed to be of great benefit. Let us know about some such big decisions on the occasion of PM Modi’s birthday…
Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019
The Citizenship Amendment Bill was introduced during the tenure of the Modi government and was passed by both houses of Parliament in December 2019. After getting approval from the President, this citizenship amendment has been converted into law. The Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 provides for granting citizenship to six minority communities of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Parsis, Buddhists and Christians who came to India before 31 December 2014. Protests were also organized on behalf of many sections across the country regarding this law.
One Nation, One Ration Card
The eligible beneficiaries of the National Food Security Act (NFSA) under the One Nation, One Ration Card Scheme will be able to pick up grain from fair price shops anywhere in the country using their ration cards. Then even if their ration card is made in any state or district. Right now, in the case of ration cards, the rule is that a person can get ration from the ration shops of the district in which the ration card is made. Ration cannot be taken from that ration card in any other district. The food ministry aims to implement the scheme across the country by March 2021. This scheme has been implemented in many states and union territories.
Prime Minister’s Poor Welfare Package
To deal with the Corona crisis, the Modi government announced the Prime Minister’s Poor Welfare Package in March 2020. This package, which was brought to help labourers, migrant workers, farmers, poor women, etc. in the era of an epidemic, was worth Rs 1.70 lakh crore. Insurance cover of Rs 50 lakhs per person for corona warriors, sanitation workers, sanitation workers, doctors, ASHA workers, paramedical staff, medical staff etc. under the package;
In addition to the existing quota of food grains to ration card holders, five kg grains (wheat or rice) per person and one kg pulses free per family (now till November) were announced. Apart from this, reliefs were also announced for 8.3 crores BPL families holding LPG connection under Ujjwala Yojana, MGNREGA laborers, poor elderly, poor widows, poor disabled persons, organized sector employees, Jan Dhan account holders, women self-help groups.
Self-sufficient India package
Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a special economic and comprehensive package of Rs 20 lakh crore on 12 May 2020 to fight the Covid-19 epidemic in India. It was said that this package is equivalent to 10% of India’s GDP. During the package, efforts were made to help migrant laborers, small farmers, street vendors, middle class, MSME, tribals etc.
PM SVANidhi Scheme
In July 2020, the Prime Minister Street Vendors Self-Reliant Fund (PM SVANidhi) scheme was launched. This scheme was introduced to help the street vendors and small shops facing loss in business due to COVID 19 lockdown. Those who run shops on roadside carts or street-vendors, those who install fruit-vegetables, laundry, salons and paan shops can also take loans under PM Swanidhi. Under the scheme, street vendors of urban areas get a collateral-free loan up to Rs 10,000 for a period of 1 year. That is, no guarantee will be taken for the loan. There is an interest subsidy of 7 per cent per annum on regular repayment of the loan. The term of the scheme is till March 2022.
National education policy
In July 2020, the Union Cabinet chaired by PM Modi approved the new National Education Policy 2020 in the country. In the new education policy, the format of 10 + 2 has been completely abolished. Till now the school curriculum in our country runs according to 10 + 2 but now it will be according to 5+ 3+ 3+ 4.
This means that one part from the primary to the second class, then the second part from the third to the fifth, the third part from the sixth to the eighth and the last part from the ninth to the 12th. It has also been emphasized in the policy that the medium of teaching at least till class 5 should be a mother tongue or local/regional language. Major reforms for higher education have also been included under the National Education Policy 2020.
National Digital Health Mission
Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the launch of the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) from the ramparts of the Red Fort at the 74th Independence Day celebrations. Every Indian will have a health ID under this mission. Whenever an Indian goes to a doctor or a drugstore, all the information will remain in the health ID.
Everything will be available on your health profile, from a doctor’s appointment to medical advice. This health ID will contain all your information, information about each disease, which doctor gave you which medicine, when, what were your reports, all this information. NDHM comes under the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana.
Prime Minister Fisheries Scheme
In September 2020, Prime Minister Modi launched the PM Matsya Sampada Yojana. Under this scheme, 20,050 crore rupees will be invested in the fishery plan area. This will produce 70 lakh tonnes of additional fish. This scheme will create 55 lakh employment opportunities.
The goal of the scheme is to increase the income of fisher farmers and fishermen. It also aims to increase the export of fishery products to Rs 1 lakh crore. This scheme will provide new infrastructure, modern equipment and access to new markets to fish producers. Along with this, opportunities will also be increased through farming and other means.
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