Around 8-12% of couples around the world have to face the problem of infertility. In 40-50% of infertility cases, if a woman is not able to conceive, it is due to male infertility. After extensive discussion on the topic of female fertility, it was found that conditions like endometriosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are largely responsible for female infertility and complications.
Whereas male infertility conditions include risks such as infection, hormonal imbalance, obesity, erectile dysfunction, retrograde ejaculation, heavy metals, chemicals. Its symptoms do not show, so these underlying conditions cannot be accepted. Often this is revealed when planning to conceive. Dr. Kshitij Murdia, CEO of Indira IVF (IVF and Infertility Specialist) gave important information on various aspects related to male infertility.
Reasons for male infertility
Unhealthy lifestyle is considered a major cause of infertility in men. That is why doctors recommend nutritious diet and regular exercise as well as balance in lifestyle. Hormones that affect sperm production in the body can be reduced by making lifestyle changes and reducing stress.
At present, excessive pressure on the office or business has increased the level of stress in men, which is not good for their reproductive health. Stress not only has a direct effect on the mental and emotional state of men, but it also has physical effects. Stress can release hormones, which can lower testosterone levels. May also reduce sperm production such as glucocorticoids.
Consumption of substances such as alcohol, tobacco, smoking impedes reproductive health. These can adversely affect semen leading to various reproductive complications in men. Tobacco has been associated with low sperm count, as it affects spermatogenesis.
Exposure to toxins
Exposure to toxins like pesticides, radioactive chemicals, heavy metals etc. and warming of the testicular area in males are harmful for their fertility.
In such cases, treatment and modifications are suggested for successful insemination only after considering sperm count and other aspects, of which assisted reproductive technology (ART) is also available.
To overcome infertility, it can be controlled by making lifestyle changes, exercising regularly, eating a healthy and balanced diet as well as avoiding the consumption of substances like alcohol, tobacco. In addition, according to a fertility specialist, drugs and assisted reproductive technology methods such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and IMSI (intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection) may also be helpful in relieving male infertility.