Banana Farming | Learn how to cultivate banana and earn millions of rupees annually – Banana is a profitable crop. But there is always a possibility of loss if you miss it a bit. Therefore, it is important that along with having good plants, crop safety has to be taken care of. In order to get higher yield from banana crop and to get good quality banana, it is necessary to have every small detail from the banana plant to the fruit cutting and the technical aspects are done properly. If we cultivate bananas keeping crop safety in mind, then there can be more profits with cost reduction.
How To Cultivate Banana?
Agriculture expert Dr. Rakesh Kumar says that there is very little lag in the banana crop. Care is also less required than other crops. Once planted, the banana plant continues to grow in circles for 5 years. In addition to February-March, banana plant is planted till July-August and September. It is not planted in April, May. The best time to plant saplings is July-August.
What should be the soil for banana cultivation
Farmers brothers want to plant a banana, first check it, to know whether the land is fertile for such a crop or not, whether there is sufficient amount of nutrients in the land. The best way to do this is to get the soil tested. Chinaki loamy soil is suitable for its cultivation, but the pH level of this soil should be between 6-7.5, more acidic or gravelly soil can damage the crop.
There should not be any water logging in the field, that is, there should be a complete drainage system, while choosing the companion field, it should also be kept in mind that air movement should be better, so plants should be planted in the line. The second thing is good plants. Plants prepared from tissue culture start flowering 8-9 months after transplanting and the crop is ready in a year, so to save time and get quick income, plant only the plants prepared from tissue culture in your field. .
What kind of nutrition should the ground
According to the fertility of the land in banana cultivation, 300 grams of nitrogen, 100 grams of phosphorus and 300 grams of potash are required per plant. Half the amount of phosphorus should be given at the time of planting and the remaining half after planting. The entire quantity of Natrajan should be divided into five parts and given in August, September, October and February and April.
- About 3,700 pupils should be planted in one hectare.
- Keep removing the effigies next to the banana.
- In the rainy days, keep offering soil beside the trees.
How should the farm be prepared
If you want a good crop, then the field should be good, for this it is necessary that the soil of the field is fertile. Farmers should adopt crop rotation before planting bananas. It would be better if you grow green manure such as dhachancha and cowpea etc. and make it into a rotavator. If the soil contains all the nutrients, the use of chemical fertilizers from outside will have to be reduced. June-July is the right time for planting bananas. Farmers should prepare in advance for planting healthy plants. For example, dig the pits in June and fill them with compost manure. To deal with root diseases, apply neem manure in the pit of the plant itself. If farmers are able to add earthworm manure, then it has a different effect.
Banana Farming: How to irrigate weeding
Banana is a long-term plant. Therefore it is important to have proper arrangement of irrigation. Better farmers should install droplet irrigation system only during planting. While the government is giving up to 90 per cent subsidy under the crop on peacock drop, there will be considerable savings in irrigation. There will be less water and there will be no need for laborers. If drip system is installed, spraying of insecticides etc. will not have much purpose.
While planting the banana plants in the queue, full care should be taken of wind and sunlight. Many farmers are mulching bananas, this gives rid of weeding. But for the farmers who are getting planted directly in the field, it is necessary that after 4-5 months of transplanting every 2 to 3 months. When the plants start getting ready, then the soil must be climbed on them.