The UN report stated that sexual violence was used as a “brutal strategy of war” and political repression in many countries during the Corona period.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Gutares (file photo)
The COVID-19 epidemic saw an increase in gender-based violence last year, and in many countries sexual violence was used as a “brutal strategy of war” and political repression. This information has been given in the report of the United Nations Chief on Monday. 18 countries have also been mentioned in this report. Regarding these countries, the United Nations says that it has received verified information.
This report mentions 52 parties who have a “strong suspicion” of using “rape or other forms of sexual violence” in violence-prone areas. At the same time, it said that more than 70 percent of the listed parties are “perpetually conspirators”. Most of the parties included in the United Nations black list are “non-state elements”, including extremist groups associated with Islamic State or al-Qaeda terrorist organizations. Rebel or opposition are included.
Black list released
National forces or police forces in the United Nations’ Black List have been barred from participating in UN peacekeeping operations until they make time-bound commitments to end violence. This includes Myanmar’s army and border guards. The black list includes the Congo and South Sudan’s government and police forces, government forces and intelligence services in Syria, the Armed Forces and Quick Support Forces in Sudan, the army and police in Somali and the security forces of the Puntland region.
‘Sexual violence’ used as a war strategy
20 groups of Congo in countries with non-state elements; There are six groups from the Central African Republic, five groups from Mali, four groups from South Sudan and Syria, two groups from Sudan, Iraq and Somalia and one group each. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said, “Sexual violence was used as a tactic of war, threatening human rights and security through oppression and terrorism and militarization and weapons.” Used indiscriminately. ”
UN Secretary-General Antonio Gutaras gave information
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Gutares said that conflict broke out between the government and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front in the Tegere region of Ethiopia, in which more than 100 rape cases have been reported. Gutares said there were reports of ‘sexual violence’ in Myanmar’s armed ethnic conflict as well. He said that Tatmadaw security forces and ethnic rebel groups indulged in sexual violence in Rakhine, Chin and Shan states. The report includes the events of 2020 that preceded the military occupation of Myanmar’s government on February 2.
Case of trafficking of women increased
The Secretary-General said that restrictions on movement related to the COVID-19 epidemic and limited economic opportunity also “increased the risk of trafficking and sexual violence of women.” He said that the epidemic led to child marriages in Iraq, Syria and Yemen. Incidents escalated. Gutares said 24 women were raped during the army’s campaign against separatists in the West African country of Cameroon in February 2020, and the incident was not revealed until July. He also said, “In Burundi, women of opposition parties were threatened and arbitrarily detained during elections.”
Incidents of gang rape in Sudan
The UN Secretary-General said that similar incidents of rape and gang rape occurred during the conflict between farmers and shepherds in Sudan. Gutares urged member countries of the United Nations to ensure that victims of sexual violence can be helped and rehabilitated.
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