The woman was infected with HIV in 2006. Over time, the woman’s immune system became weak. In September 2020, the woman also got infected with COVID-19.
Corona virus. (signal picture)
Scientists in South Africa have found dangerous mutations of coronavirus in a 36-year-old woman battling HIV. The COVID-19 virus (Covid-19) was present in the woman’s body for 216 days. During this time the virus created 30 more mutations. The case report was published as a preprint in the medical journal medRxiv. Scientists have been surprised after detecting so many mutations of the virus. It also includes the dangerous alpha variant.
According to the report, the woman was infected with HIV in 2006. Over time, the woman’s immune system became weak. In September 2020, the woman also got infected with COVID-19. The virus then caused 13 mutations in the spike protein and 19 other genetic changes. Because of this, the behavior of the virus changed. Altogether 32 mutations of the virus were born in the woman’s body. Some of these variants are ‘variants of concern’ of the virus.
No evidence of spreading the mutation to other people
Variants found in the female body include the E484K mutation, which was first detected in the UK and is part of the alpha variant B.1.1. Apart from this, the N510Y mutation of beta variant B.1.351, found for the first time in South Africa, was also seen in the female body. According to scientists, it is not yet clear whether the woman has spread this mutation to other people or not.
HIV infected people can become a factory of variants!
Scientists said that it is probably no coincidence that most of the new variants have emerged from areas such as KwaZulu Natal in South Africa, where 1 in 4 adults are HIV positive. However, there is very little evidence about the possibility of HIV-infected people getting infected with corona and going into dangerous medical conditions. But the scientists warned that if similar cases continue to appear in HIV infected patients, then they can emerge as a factory of variants for the whole world.
Virus can be present for a long time in a patient with weak immunity
Tulio de Oliveira, a geneticist and study author at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Durban, told the LA Times that the COVID-19 virus may be present in the body of patients with low immunity longer than others. is. Regarding the case of this woman, de Oliveira said, during the initial symptoms, the woman showed mild symptoms of COVID, while the coronavirus was present in her body.
Also read: After all, what is the ‘Wuhan Lab Leak’ theory, which has been debated all over the world? Know the full story from beginning to end