There is a lot of discussion going on about the Mars Mission at this time. Many countries have sent their vehicles here. But discoveries are being made on other planets of the solar system.
Apart from Mars, exploration is being done on other planets also (Solar System Missions)
Solar System and Space Exploration: After the moon, now people’s interest towards Mars is increasing. Last month, China successfully landed and deployed the Jurong rover on Mars. In this way it became the second country to land a rover on the surface of the Red Planet (MARS Mission). Last year the US, the United Arab Emirates and China sent their missions to Mars, taking advantage of the relatively short travel time due to the short distance from Earth.
Now the question arises, why are most of the scientists doing planetary research so passionate about going to Mars? Why is so much time and money being spent on this one planet, when there are at least seven other planets in our solar system, more than 200 moons, said Gail Ailes, senior lecturer in physics at RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia. , countless asteroids, and more (Solar System Missions).
26 spacecraft are currently active
Happily, we are also going to other places in space and there are a lot of missions to very exciting places in our solar system like ice volcanoes, icy debris rings and huge magnetic fields. There are currently 26 active spacecraft around our solar system (Active Solar Sytem Exploration). Some are orbiting other planets and moons, some have landed on the surfaces of other worlds and some are just circling through space just to take pictures. Only half of them are going to Mars.
Voyager 1 and 2 vehicles included
These 26 spacecraft include long-term missions such as Voyager 1 and 2 – which have been operating for more than 40 years and are now moving between stars somewhere other than the Solar System. And there are also some such spacecraft, about which we know little, but it is interesting to know about them (NASA Solar System Exploration). Take, for example, the Juno spacecraft orbiting around Jupiter. It was launched in 2011 and reached Jupiter’s orbit after about five years.
Juno passes mission duration
It is now measuring various properties of the giant planet, including its magnetic field, atmospheric conditions, and determining how much water is in Jupiter’s atmosphere (Solar Sytem Exploration NASA). This will help scientists determine which planet’s formation theory is correct (or new theories are needed). Juno has passed the seven-year period of its mission and has been extended until at least 2025.
sample sent to earth
One of the most complex feats of astronomy was accomplished late last year, when the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA) not only landed a spacecraft on an asteroid, but also sent a sample to Earth in a spectacular effort. (Solar Sytem Exploration). The Japanese spacecraft, named Hayabusa 2 after an eagle found there, stepped into the surface of asteroid 162173 Ryugu in 2018, surveying the surface and taking samples.
Hayabusa 2 used engines
During its return in 2019, Hayabusa 2 used its ion engines to change orbit and return to Earth. On 5 December 2020, a capsule the size of a hatbox and weighing 16 kg entered Earth’s atmosphere with the sample and landed at the Woomera Test Range in Australia (Solar Sytem Exploration NASA Planets). While JAXA has begun analysis of the rocks and dust collected from the Ryugu asteroid, Hayabusa 2 is once again on its journey and this time determined to meet another asteroid, 1998 KY (26), 2031.
Some planets not included in the first list
There are some planets that were not previously included in the list of planetary missions, these are spacecraft that are trapped in ‘gravitational wells’ within our solar system. These are special places in orbits, called Lagrangian points, and which act as a gravitational balance between two space objects. The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) is one of four spacecraft located close to the Lagrangian point between Earth and the Sun, which is approximately 1.5 million kilometers from Earth (about four times that of the Moon).
Two missions will start on Venus
It observes the Sun’s outer layer and the solar wind, sending early warnings to Earth of potentially catastrophic space weather. Now let’s talk about one of our fighting neighbor planet Venus. Despite rising surface temperatures and pressures, NASA recently approved funding for two major missions to explore the origins of Venus and its atmosphere. The discovery of phosphine gas in the upper atmosphere has led life scientists to believe that life may exist at more habitable and cooler temperatures at higher altitudes.
life will be sought
The successful flight of the Ingenuity helicopter to Mars fuels excitement – the first flight of any powered aircraft on another world – NASA’s Dragonfly mission will fly a drone in the atmosphere of Saturn’s icy moon, Titan (Solar Sytem Exploration Missions). Launched in 2026 and arriving in 2034, the rotorcraft will fly to dozens of locations on Titan and seek conditions that are conducive to life similar to Earth.
So how much does all this cost?
Governments allocate a relatively small amount of their budget to science and space exploration. Countries typically spend less than 1% of their budget on space missions – much less than social services or military defense (Solar Sytem Exploration Mars). Deciding which space missions will receive funding is often motivated by public interest.
The video was seen holding breath
It is almost impossible to decide with certainty which probe or spacecraft will produce the most successful results (Solar System and Space Exploration). When humans first stepped on the Moon, 25 percent of the world’s population held their breath watching the video that inspired generations of space explorers for decades. You can’t put a price on it.
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