Indo-Pacific has always been an area of ’exaggeration’ but things have changed in the last decades. Now people address the Indo-Pacific with ‘Field of Results’, ‘Priority Theater’ or ‘Global Economic Engine’. For decades, the US Army has recognized the importance of this theater. The American Indo-Pacific Command covers 51 percent of the world. In this region, 60 percent of the world’s population lives. There are hundreds of languages and cultures and environments here.
China has emerged as a challenge for the US military, but it is not the only challenge in this area. China, Russia, and North Korea are in the Indo-Pacific and work there every day. This is a direct challenge to the mission of the US Indo-Pacific Command, which provides freedom and mobility for commerce in the region, supports good governance and prevents aggression. A senior Pentagon defense official said that unlike Europe, where NATO and the European Union have treaties for nations to work together multilaterally, there is no such system in the Indo Pacific.
‘Quad’ can develop into ‘security pact’
The Indo Pacific of America has different treaties from different countries: such as South Korea, Japan, the Philippines, Thailand, Australia and New Zealand. The US works bilaterally with many countries in the region, many countries here would like to see more multilateral engagement. The Pentagon official said that President Joe Biden’s first quad summit, which he has attended with leaders from India, Australia and Japan, is a huge sign. At the moment the Quad is not a security treaty but it can develop into a security treaty that can allow countries to cooperate more.
The Pentagon official said that China’s behaviour – from fighting with India on the Line of Control to growing efforts in the Indian Ocean region, India is concerned. Despite being a non-aligned country traditionally, India-America is now eager to work with greater cooperation with Australia and Japan, and China is aware of this.
India is a major defence partner of the United States
‘India is not going to sign a mutual defense treaty with us any time soon but India is a major defense partner of the US and India inter-operates-treaty with the US military in military capabilities, information sharing, command and control’ Trying to do. This is important because this region is so vast and so diverse that no country can deal alone with the dangers of this region.
The US will need allies and partners in the Indo Pacific to protect it under the rule based system. America wants an independent and open Indo-Pacific. China has created scores of new and modern systems. The official said that in just 2020, among all the COVIDs, China has commissioned 25 major new ships.