San Marino is a neighboring country of Italy and shares a large border with Italy. This is the reason that only Italian language is spoken in San Marino.
San Marino (Photo Credit : Twitter)
The term of the Prime Minister and the President in India is five years. While in America, the President is elected for four years, but there is also a country where the President is elected every 6 months. In San Marino, Europe, elections are held every six months in which two heads of state are elected, who are called ‘Captain-Regent’. In the election of Captain Regent, the members of the Great and General Council vote, whose number is 60.
Let us tell you that San Marino is one of the oldest democracies in the world. Its population is 34 thousand. For the first time, the election of Captain Regent was held in San Marino in 1243, after which elections for the Head of State have been held in the country for about 778 years. The Parliament of San Marino is called Arego. The constitution here came into force in 1600, in which the existing electoral process was adopted. In the elections to be held in six months, the opposition leader is usually chosen as the top leader of the country.
One of the smallest countries in the world
Arengo’s 60 members are directly elected by the public, which is held every five years. Earlier, at the time of the election of Captain Regent, the members of Parliament were elected by the head of every family of the country. Let us tell you that San Marino is one of the smallest countries in the world. Its area is 61 sq km. It is a neighboring country of Italy and shares a large border with Italy. This is the reason that only Italian language is spoken in San Marino.
Millions given refuge in World War II
In the year 1463, several cities joined San Marino. It includes the names of the cities of Fiorentino, Montegardino and Serravelle. In 1464 the city of Fitano was incorporated into San Marino. This country played an important role during World War II and gave refuge to millions of Italians. Till 2009, this country was known as ‘Tracks Haven Country’ i.e. where taxes are levied or not levied very low compared to other countries.
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