The largest evidence of life on the Europa Moon (Jupiter), the largest planet in our Solar System, is Jupiter.
Scientists from all over the world are looking for life on Mars. NASA’s Perversance Rover is about to begin a search for ancient life near the jjero crater. At the same time, there is a place in our solar system where the possibility of life is more than Mars. Actually, we are talking about Europa moon (Europa) of Jupiter (Jupiter), the largest planet in our solar system. Jupiter has a total of 79 moons, but Europa is the most discussed among scientists. The reason behind this is that scientists believe that water exists in the form of ice on the surface of Europa. There is also strong evidence that liquid water is present below the ice surface of Europa.
In 1979, two Voyager spacecraft passed by the planet Jupiter. During this time, for the first time, there was evidence that Europa may have liquid water. Investigations conducted through Galileo spacecraft and space telescopes then indicated to the scientists that there is a presence of the sea on Europa. Scientists believe that a 15 to 25 km thick ice sheet is lying on Europa. Then there is 60 to 150 kilometers of deep sea beneath it. Taking the sea of Europa, it is believed that if there can be life elsewhere after Earth, then it is likely to be on Europa.
Why do scientists think that life exists on Europa?
Three things are most important for the beginning of life on any planet – liquid water, essential chemical elements and an energy source. Astronomers believe that Europa has abundant water and the right chemical elements, but it is difficult to confirm the energy source on Europa. Near Earth volcanoes, life is seen flourishing in the deep sea and other dangerous environments. In such a situation, scientists feel that if this is possible on Earth, then life may be flourishing even under the snowy surface of Europa. However, it is believed that if we get a clue of life on Europa then it will be in the form of microorganisms or some very complex structure.
How big is Europa and how far is it from Earth?
Europa has a diameter of 3,100 kilometers and its size is about 90 percent of the Earth’s moon. In such a situation, if we replace our moon with Europa, then it will be visible from the earth the size of our moon. But it will be more shiny. Due to the presence of ice on Europa’s surface, it will be 5.5 times brighter than our moon. Europa’s distance from Earth is about 62.8 million kilometers. It takes 45 minutes for sunlight to reach Europa, while on Earth it reaches in about eight minutes.
Also read: If a planet gets so cold that the land freezes, then Kulfi is hot like a fire, know the characteristics of these planets in the solar system.