Hiram Bingham III discovered Machu Picchu in 1911 on the Andes Mountains. Before this, for 500 years, this ancient city was completely unknown to the world.
Machu Picchu, situated on the Andes Mountains, is a 15th-century city that is still surrounded by mysteries. The city is one of the most artistic specimens of the ancient world. However, the world came to know about it in the early 20th century. The secrets of this city are still being uncovered. Let us tell you about some secrets of Machu-Picchu.
Machu Picchu was believed to be a lost city of the Inca Empire. Hiram Bingham III discovered it in 1911. He was looking for the lost city of Vilcabamba of the Inca Empire. They actually thought that Machu-Picchu was the city of Vilcabamba. But Bingham’s theory was later proved wrong when Jean Savoy discovered the actual city of Espiritu Pampa in 1964.
To save Machu Picchu from being plundered by the Spaniards, the Inca burned the forest surrounding the city to cover the path when it resurfaced. This was the reason that the Spanish people could never find the city. This city was completely unknown to the world, only then it was discovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911.
One of the mysteries of Machu Picchu is that the Inca Empire carefully designed buildings to withstand repeated earthquakes. This area is located above two fault lines, due to which the risk of earthquake was high. Ancient engineering techniques were used to prepare the city.
Machu Picchu is a unique and impressive piece of engineering. It has been estimated that 60 percent of the city is situated under the ground. The Inca Empire invested in deep building foundations and an extensive rock drainage system to cope with the wet weather.
To see this place located on the Andes Mountains, people have to climb more than one peak. However, once you climb it, you will get to see a beautiful sight. From the top you can see the Urubamba river flowing all around.
Some archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was a royal family resort, used by the royal family to escape their busy schedules in the city of Cuzco. It was designed as a resting place.