At the international level, efforts were being made to stop the war. The Foreign Minister of Israel left for Washington to meet the US President.
History of Israel and Arab dispute
So far in the history of hostilities between Israel and Arabia, we have read about how displaced Jews from all over the world got a home as Israel in 1948 and this country had to face attack from its neighboring countries even before it came into existence. Arab countries launched a failed attack on Israel, after which Arabia had to avenge the defeat of Israel. This revenge fire set the ground for the 1967 war.
Now Russia entered into the battle of Israel and Arabia. Russia warned Cairo that Israel was preparing for a major war and its troops were gathering on the Syrian border. Only 24 hours after Russia’s warning, Egypt ordered its army to be ready for war. Army Chief of Operation Anwar al-Qadi was not ready for this war. He told the Army Commander Field Marshal Aamir that the army is not ready for war and more than half of the soldiers are engaged in Yemen.
The commander told General Anwar that our plan was not for war. We will only ‘show strength’ in response to the Israeli threats to Syria. Two days later, Egypt deployed its army on the Israeli-linked border. Israel did not pay much attention to this action of Egypt because at this time its target was Syria. Israeli military intelligence chief Shlomo Ghazit expressed surprise at this behavior of Egypt to American diplomats.
Egypt was provoking Israel
In Egypt, an atmosphere was being created against Israel from the rodeo station named ‘Volume Al Arab’. Egypt saw that the deployment of troops along the border in Sinai did not make any difference to Israel, so on 22 May, it closed the route to Tiran for Israeli ships. This was an action taken only for a provocation.
According to the BBC report, Egypt was leaving no stone unturned to provoke Israel. Nasir even said that he would ‘welcome the threat of war from Israel’. In fact, in 1948, the defeated Egypt wanted to become a ‘hero’ among Arab countries. He wanted to prove that only he could challenge Israel.
The US had realized the potential danger after the announcement of Egypt. Only 42 minutes after Nasser spoke, did US Vice President Hubert Humphrey say that he could travel to Egypt if this dispute would be stopped here. The then US President Lyndon Johnson was unhappy with the whole situation. UN Secretary-General U Thant traveled to the Middle East for a peace mission and Nasir promised that the first shot would not be fired from Egypt.
The pressure of war was increasing on Israel
U Thant had predicted a big war by the end of his journey. The very next day after the closure of the strait from Egypt, Israeli Prime Minister Levi Akshol issued an order to the army to move towards the border. Two and a half million Israeli soldiers were ready to move towards the border. General Robin was under deep mental stress. The pressure of war was increasing on them.
Egypt was constantly instigating Israel, and both armies were moving across borders. At the same time, efforts were being made to stop the war at the international level. The Israeli Foreign Minister left for Washington to meet the US President. Something happened in 1956 that in 1967 Israel was constantly trying to get American support.
Actually 1956 Israel attacked Egypt under a secret agreement with Britain and France. Then the US declared Israel an ‘aggressive country’ and asked it to move out of the occupied territories. The US told Israel that under no circumstances should the first shot be fired in the same way as the possibility of war from Egypt is less. The foreign minister agreed to America. Here the Israeli army, prepared for the attack, was getting frustrated with the leaders of its country. The army was particularly unhappy with the foreign minister.
General Moshe Dayan gets the command of the Ministry of Defense
On May 28, when Israeli ministers asked to wait for two weeks, the army general erupted. He did not just want to open the way to Tiran, but his goal was a large area. Israeli generals believed that Nasser was inciting all Arab countries against Israel and that is why he sent his army. Nasser had become the great leader of the Arab world by challenging Israel. May 28, he said in a meeting that Israel has taken away the land of Palestinians, so now ‘peace’ with Israel is not possible.
In Israel, the rift between the government and the military was increasing. On 28 May, Prime Minister Eshkol gave a speech in which he was stuttering. After the speech, the generals fiercely targeted the Prime Minister in the meeting and criticized him. Many derogatory words were used about him. Eshkol also had the Ministry of Defense but he entrusted the responsibility to General Moshe Dayan, who had only one eye.
Mossad chief wanted to start war immediately
Dayan was always ready for war. Egypt stood on the brink of war. However, the army general knew that his army was weak and due to the whims of Nasser, his country was going to move towards destruction. The war was now fixed because international efforts had now become useless. The US and Britain had no other way than to free Tiran Stress from the occupation of Egypt, but the navies of both countries were not ready for it because they feared that if they could get it free, it would be Nasser’s victory.
On June 2, Israel tried to persuade the defense cabinet to go to war. He assured victory but at the same time also said that by delaying this work will continue to be difficult. The head of Israel’s intelligence agency Mossad, Mire Emmitt, believed that the inclusion of such a large number of people in the military for a long time would affect the country’s economy. He was a strong supporter of the war.
Amit had indicated to the US during his intelligence trip to Washington that Israel was going to war and America should not interfere in it. After returning from America, he went to meet PM Eshkol. Emmitt said that the war should be started immediately, while Eshkol wanted to wait a week. Emit said the wait would lead to the death of thousands of people. Israel will have to strike first without worrying about political matters. The war was sealed in this closed-door meeting on June 3, and Cabinte confirmed it the next morning.
And the Israeli army said the first attack
Nasir had an idea of the attack on June 4 or 5. Finally, the date arrived which Israel had been waiting for many days. June 5 was seven in the morning, 40 minutes. The Israeli Air Force was ready and the Israeli preparations were very strong. He had photographs of airports in Egypt, Jordan and Syria. Israel had collected them through hundreds of espionage operations. The pilots were also given a book to know the location of the target.
Egypt, unaware of Israel’s preparations, was meeting here. Aamir was attending a meeting with the top leadership at Bir Tamada Airport when Israel attacked and started dropping bombs. Army officials could not believe it. Aamir somehow managed to fly in his ship but his plane had no place to land as all the Egyptian airports had become targets of Israel. The Israeli army achieved greater success than expected in the attacks on this day. The army demolished most airports in Jordan and Syria.
Fake news was spreading in Egypt
Israel warned King Hussein of Jordan to stay away from the war, but Shah Hussein had thrown his army in support of Egypt. Hours after the fighting began, the Jordanian army started attacking. While the trained Israeli army was advancing rapidly in the Sinai, while the relatively weak Egyptian army was also facing them firmly.
In Cairo, the horrified General Salahuddin Hadidi knew that Egypt would have the worst defeat ever in this war, but fake news was being spread through the radio. People were celebrating and coming towards the cities believing these information. In 1967, when the news of defeat came, Nasir and Aamir had returned home and President Anwar Sadat signed a historic peace deal with Israel.
Three armies piled up in a five-day war
In this five-day war, Israel not only inflicted deep damage on the armies of Egypt, Jordan and Syria, but also captured many areas of the countries. This included areas such as the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem. After this the Palestinians had to go from Jerusalem and for the first time in two thousand years it was occupied by the Jews. Nasir resigned but withdrew it when people protested. Aamir’s mysterious death. Shah Hussein continued to hold secret talks with Israel and managed to save his power. A peace agreement was signed between Israel and Jordan in 1994.
Here, Israeli Prime Minister Eshkol died of a heart attack in 1969. According to his wife, he could not bear the shock of leaving the Ministry of Defense. In 1970, the commander of the Air Force captured the power of the country. After this war, America’s attitude was soft for Israel because it alone wiped the dust from the armies of three Arab countries.
Also read: Israel vs. Arab: The attack was on Israel as soon as it came into existence, the Arabs wanted to take revenge after the defeat, know how the enmity started
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