The Amazon rainforest located in South America is one of the largest forests in the world. It supplies up to 20 percent oxygen to the Earth.
One of the largest forests in the world is the Amazon rainforest of South America. This rainforest is spread over a large area of the Amazon Basin. There are 25 lakh species of insects in this forest. In addition, thousands of plants and about two thousand kinds of animals and birds live. Let us know some interesting things about the Amazon rainforest.
Amazon is the largest tropical rainforest in the world. Spread over 5.5 million square kilometers, this rainforest is so big that Britain and Ireland will fit into it 17 times. Due to its large size, it supplies 20 percent oxygen to the world.
The Amazon jungle, located in South America, borders nine countries. This includes Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guyana. 60 percent of this forest is located in Brazil.
The Amazon River flows north of the rainforest, which is a network of hundreds of waterways and spans 6,840 kilometers. However, there are many controversies regarding this matter as well. Many scientists say that the Amazon is the second largest river in the world after the Nile River.
In 2007, a man named Martin Strahl completed the entire length of the Amazon River by swimming. Martin used to swim within the river for ten days daily for 66 days to complete his magnificent jungle journey.
The Amazon rainforest is home to around 400–500 indigenous Amerindian tribes. Fifty of these tribes are believed to have never had contact with the outside world.
The Amazon rainforest is equipped with a very rich ecosystem. There are about 40 thousand species of plants, 1300 species of birds, 3000 types of fish, 430 types of mammals and 25 lakh kinds of insects.
Some of the world’s most interesting and dangerous creatures live in the rainforest. This includes electric eels, meat-eating piranha fish, poisonous frogs, jaguars and some of the most poisonous snakes found in the river.
A very interesting fish is found in the Amazon rainforest, which is called Piraruku. This fish eats other fish on the pretext of raising them and grows up to three meters long. Both its mouth and its tongue have teeth.
The Amazon rainforest region with immense natural beauty plays an important role in limiting climate change. This is because rich vegetation takes carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas) from the air and releases oxygen.
Due to the dense trees in the Amazon rainforest, there is always darkness on its surface. From this, a sagittal position is born. They form such a thick layer that when it rains it takes about 10 minutes for the water to reach the bottom.