About 70 percent of our country’s population still lives in villages. Whose main occupation is agriculture? Farmers work hard day and night for our food, but in return, they do not get even its proper price. In spite of all the inconsistencies, misfortunes and shortages, sometimes a situation becomes such that suicide remains the only option. In such a situation, some farmers are improving their condition and helping other farmers by doing different experiments and research at their own level to increase their yield and earnings.
One such farmer, by his experience and experiment, has changed the traditional farming from the year 2005-06 to 2017 by continuously yielding 1000 quintals of sugarcane in only one acre and earning up to 1 crore every year.
Farmer resident of Karandwadi in Tehsil Walwa of Sangli district, 400 km from Mumbai Suresh Kabade Surprised everyone by producing 19 feet long sugarcane. Farmers from Maharashtra, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh are contacting the 9th class pass to learn the method from this farmer. You will be surprised to know that many farmers from Pakistan are also involved in using their invented technology. The special feature of Suresh’s sugarcane crop compared to the rest of the farmers is that the length of their cultivated sugarcane is 19 feet more than other farmers and weighs up to 4 kg.
He told in a special conversation with, “It was a cane of Pedi, 19 feet in length and it had 47 Kandi (eyes). Sugarcane is similar in our other fields. I prepare the seeds myself. Most people in the country still sow sugarcane at 3-4 feet, keeping a distance of five to six feet and eye to eye distance of 2 to two and a half feet. Farmers sow fertilizer directly in the fields, I plow it with sprigs of sugarcane and fertilize it in the ground. Each of my fields produces 1000 quintals per acre. ”
Suresh, who cultivates about 30 acres in modern ways, is special because the best producing farmer in Uttar Pradesh can get only 500 quintals per acre. While the average production is 400 quintals. Suresh’s field sugarcane takes farmers from other areas for seed. Their effort is that sugarcane should go more in seeds than giving miles because it gives more profit. Due to the seed being harvested in June-July, the average yield of cane sugarcane is also that of unseeded sugarcane. This year, their average yield of cane was 120 tonnes in one acre and the length of sugarcane was 20 feet and the weight of one sugarcane was 4 kg.
In Maharashtra, notorious for farmer suicides, Suresh earns between Rs 50-70 lakh a year from sugarcane, while including turmeric and bananas, he works over a crore a year. In the year 2015, he sold one acre of sugarcane for 2 lakh 80 thousand seeds. In 2016 and 2017, he has sold one acre of sugarcane seeds for 3 lakh 20 thousand. Farmers from the outside state of Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh buy seeds from them. But till a few years ago, he was also among the same troubled farmers who could not get better production despite investing a huge amount of money.
Ninth pass Suresh does farming like a scientist. He says,
“Earlier, even in my field, I used to produce 300-400 quintals per acre, then I changed the method of farming and completed it wherever I felt lacking. I add plenty of organic and green manure and use Ejectobacter and PSB and Potash (supplementary bacteria). Before sowing sugarcane, I sow gram in that field. I also take care of the time and the weather. “
He told, “Now I have started growing sugarcane from tissue culture too. There is a banana tissue culture firm in my area. I want him to make the best sugarcane tissue in my field, from which I harvest for three years. ” Tissue culture, ie, the tissue or cells of a single plant is maintained under special laboratory conditions, which itself has the ability to grow disease-free and produce other plants like it. Suresh chooses 100 good (thick, long and disease less) sugarcane from his entire field, 10 of them take him to a local lab, where scientists choose sugarcane and make tissue from it in a year. Suresh says, “For this, I give about 8 thousand rupees to the lab, the plants they give, which is called F-1, F-1 and F-2 have less sugarcane size due to which the production is less. Therefore, after getting F-3, I make the seed of that sugarcane which results in very good production.
Our Maharashtra saint Tukaram Maharaj ji has said 350 years ago, “Pure seeds poti phale rasal gomti” which means if the seed is good then its fruits also get sweet.
They say that having land and the good seed is very important for any crop. “I attach great importance to these two. I prepare my seeds myself, ploughing the fields in a better way, arranging manure water. ” Due to which Suresh keeps 9–11 months of the crop in the field for seed and then keeps sugarcane in the field for 16 months for miles. They say that the farmer should not sow the cane seed. Many farmers in Maharashtra are adopting his technique. For the last ten years, they have stopped burning sugarcane leaf at all. Due to which his field has improved a lot. And the number of earthworms in their land is also increasing in very large quantities.
This experiment and result of Suresh Kabade in the field of farming have been recognized and appreciated by farmers as well as agricultural scientists.