Farmers can earn millions of rupees annually by cultivating maize: Today we are going to tell you about one such farming! Which you are sown in many countries during the rainy season! Today, new arrivals of maize yields in India are gaining their new place in large quantities! Mainly in India, corn farming is done in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh etc. But in MP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Gujarat etc. it has great importance! So maize is a very important food crop! Which is included in the category of coarse grains!
Earn millions of rupees annually by cultivating maize
The maize crop is sown when it rains! If farmers have a means of irrigation, then sowing 10-15 days in advance gives more yield! The queue to queue distance at sowing from 75! M! (2 1/2 feet) and the distance of the plants from the plant to 20! M! (8 ”). Corn seeds from 3 to 5! M! Sowing at depth leads to germination! It should not be sown too deep because then corn germination reduces germination!
Preparation of the field is done once by ploughing the soil, twice the cultivator, twice the bouncer and twice the Pata (plateau). The field must be flat or slightly sloping so that water does not accumulate! Staying 72 hours in water can be harmful to the crop! Many varieties have been prepared by conducting research on maize at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi! Among them, Ganga white-2 is suitable for the plains of the country! It takes 100 days to cook! This white grain variety yields up to 60 quintals!
Apart from this, the yellow variety Vijay variety cooks in 95 to 105 days! This gives 45 to 50 quintal yield per hectare! These are all hybrid varieties! They have to sow new seeds every year! Some of its composites varieties have also been prepared by Jawaharlal Nehru Agricultural University in Madhya Pradesh! Farmers can prepare their seeds by planting seeds once! It is suitable for medium and low acreage farmers! These varieties are – Sandalwood Makka-1, Navjot, Pusa Composite-1, Pusa Composite-11! Conserve the plant as per the requirement in it!
Do the first ploughing with soil plough! After that, do 2 to 3 July with a harrow or a native plough, after every ploughing, pluck or add icing to break the lumps of soil and make the field straight! If there is less moisture in the soil then ploughing should be done. In irrigated condition, ridges should be made at a distance of 60 cm, which facilitates easy drainage. The crop also grows well! In maize crops, intercrop crops can be planted in 2: 2, 2: 4 or 2: 6 ratio, but 1: 1 is found to be the most suitable!
After harvesting the Kharif crop, you should plow the cultivator 2 times after harvesting! And the field should be equalized by planting the seeds! Sowing time Maize sowing can be done from October 15 to November 15! For the sowing of maize, the distance from row to row should be 60 cm and plant to plant distance should be 20 cm. Corn grains should be sown at a depth of 5 centimeters!
There should be around 90,000 plants per hectare to take good production in the Rabi season! Putting 20 kg of seeds per hectare will be beneficial for this! Seeds should be soaked overnight in warm water (45 degree centigrade) before sowing! Drying in the shade in the morning then sows the gathering quickly! Seeds should be treated with Thyram or Agrosan GN or Captan 75% medicine at the rate of 2 grams per kg of seeds! (Corn Farming)
Manure and fertilizer
Give fertilizer according to the result of soil testing! In the absence of this, 66 kg best DAP before sowing in irrigated crop. And give 40 kg of Uttam Veer Urea or 66 kg Uttamvir Urea and 190 kg of Uttara Super Phosphate per hectare. After 30 days of sowing, 66 kg Uttam Veer Urea is mixed with 66 kg Uttam Veer Urea soil and before planting Manjre, soil is applied to the roots. 30 kg Uttam Veer Urea and 66 kg Uttam D.A.P. Or 190 kg of excellent super phosphate and 55 kg of excellent urea per hectare is applied at the time of sowing! 55 kg of the best Veer Urea, before taking Manjre, keep in mind the rain and add soil to the roots!