Once upon a time, when the sound of shehnai was heard with the first ray of the morning in Benaras. In the temples, there would be tons of bells on one side, and on the other side, there was a loud tune of shehnai. This shehnai was played by none other than Ustad Bismillah Khan. The same Bismillah Khan, whose people used to come from abroad to listen to the clarinet. Even after being a Muslim, he entered the Hindu temple..
So let us get to know Ustad Bismillah Khan, who is the voice of unity.
How did Bismillah Khan become Kamruddin Khan?
Kamaruddin Khan was born on 21 March 1916 in Buxar district of Bihar. Bismillah Khan’s real name was Kamaruddin. them Bismillah Khan name I met my grandfather. It is said that as soon as Kamaruddin’s grandfather raised him in his lap, it came out of his mouth ‘Bismillah’.
From that day onwards, everyone started calling Kamruddin Bismillah. Bismillah Khan belonged to a music family. His uncle, Ali Baksh, used to play shehnai in the Kashi Vishwanath temple. In his childhood, Bismillah used to follow his uncle to temples and saw him playing the clarinet.
He close Six years Would have been when he decided that he would play the clarinet like his uncle. His decision for that day gave a new twist to his life. The day Bismillah decided to play the clarinet, he made his uncle his master from the same day.
Learn to play the clarinet by sitting on the banks of the Ganges
He would go to the Ghats of Banaras with his uncle every morning. Ganga used to sit and learn to play the clarinet. In this way Bismillah got better. His uncle gave him a chance to play the clarinet with him at the Kashi Vishwanath temple. After this, both of them started playing the clarinet in temples and Hindu weddings.
It is said that Bismillah Khan Mother Saraswati Used to worship He used to worship them. They used to pray for making their art better. Bismillah knew that he was a Muslim, but he believed in unity. He considered the God of every religion to be equal. This is the reason that the blessings of Mother Saraswati on Bismillah and her skills increased with time.
His clarinet was being discussed in Benaras. It was on everyone’s tongue that a new shehnai maestro has come to play the clarinet at the ghat. In a short time his name got so much that “All India Music Conference Calcutta”He got a chance to play the clarinet in front of the music masters.
It is said that that evening Bismillah Khan played such a clarinet that everyone was crazy about him. From that day onwards, everyone’s attitude towards shehnai changed. Bismillah Khan earned so much name from Calcutta that as soon as he returned, All India Radio, Lucknow hired him.
Celebration of independence by playing the clarinet
When Bismillah Khan hit his shehnai in All India Radio, the whole country became convinced of him. Where people were lost in their tune, on the other hand, the war of independence was going on in India. It was 1947. The British rule was defeated and India got independence.
India’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru celebrated independence by hoisting the tricolor at the Red Fort in Delhi. At the same time, he also called Ustad Bismillah Khan in this celebration, so that he could hear the melody of independence for the whole of India.
year 1950 In India, it was in preparation for its first Republic Day. From the bushes to the army tanks were ready for Republic Day. However, there was some shortcoming in the preparations for the first Republic Day and this deficiency was bridged by Bismillah Khan.
On the occasion of India’s first Republic Day celebrations, Ustad Bismillah Khana teased ‘Raag Kaifi’ from the Red Fort. That raga was so strong that till today it is used on the occasion of Republic Day.
Prayers in the mosque, pray in the temple
Ustad Bismillah Khan always followed the Ganges-Jamuni tehzeeb. Though their religion was different, they had great respect for the river Ganges and temples. In a documentary made on himself, he is seen telling about his relationship with Benaras.
In that video, Ustad Bismillah Khan says that “Ganga ji is in front, bathe here, have a mosque, read namaz and go to Balaji temple and pray.” It shows what role did the temple and the Ganges play in their lives. It was Bismillah Khan’s music and mannerisms that earned him the highest awards like Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Shri.
Today, even though Bismillah Khan is not among us, his music is still entertaining people. It was the result of Bismillah Khan’s hard work that people gave such heed to Shehnai.