OBC Reservation in Medical courses : The Modi government has approved the decision to provide 27 percent reservation for OBC category students and 10 percent reservation for EWS category under All India quota in medical education. Reservation will be implemented for both the categories from this session. PM Modi tweeted and said, ‘Our government has taken a historic decision to give 27 percent reservation for OBC and 10 percent for economically weaker section in All India Quota Scheme for UG and PG medical / dental courses from the current session. Is. This will create a new standard of social justice in our country.
All India quota seats are given by the states
Now from the academic session of 2021-22 itself, in MBBS, MDS, MS, Diploma and MDS courses, OBC category will get 27 percent reservation and economically weaker (EWS) category will get 10 percent reservation under All India quota. At present, 15 percent UG, 50 percent PG medical seats are given by the state governments under the All India Quota. In this, seats are reserved for SC and ST, but not for OBC. For a long time, there was a demand from the medical students of OBC category to fill them.
After a long court battle, the government took the decision
For the past many years, the issue of OBC reservation on all India medical seats (15 percent) given to the Center by the states was hanging. The Madras High Court had formed a committee, giving a decision in favor of ensuring OBC reservation in these seats, the committee had also given its report, but the whole matter was stopped by citing the Supreme Court’s decision. In this, reservation was denied more than a limit.
All India quota seats in medical have been fixed after the 1984 order of the Supreme Court. Under this, every state has to surrender 15 percent of its UG medical-dental seats and 50 percent of PG seats to the ‘central pool’. These seats in the central pool are the seats of All India quota, in which candidates from any state of the whole country can get admission.
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Supreme Court had given the decision to implement reservation in 2009
At the same time, in the year 2009, the Supreme Court had said in a decision that the reservation would be applicable to all India quota seats along with the states. After this order, reservation came into force on the seats of All India quota. 15 per cent for Scheduled Castes and 7.5 per cent for Scheduled Tribes. But there was no mention of 27 per cent OBC reservation.
Meanwhile, year after year examinations were held for admission at the All India level and the seats of OBC candidates were admitted without reservation in the seats of All India quota. For the first time in the year 2017, NEET was conducted systematically. All India quota seats in this were being filled on the basis of cut-off at all India level. OBC reservation not implemented. Despite the provision of OBC reservation in the constitution, the reservation could not be implemented on the seats of All India quota.