According to the 2011 Census of India, 43.63 percent people speak Hindi. Hindi Day is celebrated every year from 14 September. On September 14, 1949, the Constituent Assembly decided by one vote that Hindi would be the official language of India only. Under this important decision, 1953 is celebrated as the annual Hindi Day across India from September 14 at the request of the National Language Promotion Committee, Wardha (Maharashtra), to spread Hindi in every region.
On 14 September 1949, Rajendra Singh, the 50th birthday business, had to struggle for a long time to make it the Hindi language.
Let me tell you that in 1918, Gandhiji had asked Gandhiji in the Hindi language to make it public in Hindi language conference.
The constitution (1) of Part 17 of Article 173 of the Indian Constitution of the national language as independent India language is described as follows:
The national language of the union will be Hindi and the script Devanagari. The form of the numerals used for state purposes of the Union shall be international.
Today, on the occasion of Hindi Day, we are going to tell you about the great writers, writers of Hindi who have contributed a lot in Hindi literature, poetry, novels etc.
Dhanpat Rai Srivastava (31 July 1998 – 36 October 1936), known as his pen name Swapna, was an Indian writer, who was famous for his modern life in Hindustani literature. He is one of the most eminent writers of the Indian subcontinent and is considered one of the earliest Hindi writers of the twentieth century.
In his novels Godan, Work ground, Embezzlement, Mansrovar, Idgah Etc. In 1907 Soz-e watan Published his first collection of five short stories in a book called.
He began writing the pen under the name “Nawab Rai”, but later changed to “Premchand”, the accountant being a respectable prefix. Novel writer, storyteller and playwright Munshi Premchand referred to other writers as “Upanishad Samrat”.
His works include more than a dozen novels, nearly 300 short stories, several essays and many foreign literary works translated into Hindi.
Maithili Sharan Gupta
Maithili Sharan Gupt (3 August 1886 – 12 December 1964) was one of the most important poets of Hindi. He is considered one of the pioneers of Khadi Boli (simple dialect) poetry. When at one time most of the Hindi poets favored the use of dialect in Braj language and Maithili Sharan Gupt wrote many compositions in Khadi dialect. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan (then the second highest award) Indian Citizen Award, India’s third highest award. His book Bharat-Bharati (1912) contains India’s freedom struggle, during which Alakh was awakened, after which he was given Mahatma Gandhi by the National University of degrees.
Gupta Saraswati wrote poems in various magazines including Hindi literature. In 1910, his first major work by the Indian press was published in Disruption Khushi. Bharata Bharati became popular with her nationalist poems, which struggled for independence for most of her poems Ramayana, Mahabharata, Buddhist legends and famous religious leaders, her famous work as Urmila’s Ramayana Lakshmana wife of Saket’s life Revolves around, while one and his creations revolve around Yashodhara, Yashodhara’s wife Gautama Buddha.
Hazari Prasad Dwivedi
Hazari Prasad Dwivedi (19 August 1907 – 19 May 1979) was a great Hindi novelist, literary historian, essayist, critic and scholar. He gave information about many novels, collections of essays, historical research on medieval religious movements of India, especially of the Kabir and Nath sects and historical frameworks of Hindi literature.
Hazari Prasad Dwivedi also tried tirelessly to make Hindi language a national language.
them Hindi literature For his contribution to 1957 In Padma Bhushan Was awarded and his collection of essays ‘Alok Parv’ for 1973 Of Sahitya Academy Award Was also given to him.
Apart from Hindi, he was a master of several languages including Sanskrit, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati as well as Pali, Prakrit and Apabhransh.
Immersed in traditional knowledge of Sanskrit, Pali and Prakrit, and modern Indian languages, Dwivedi was to become the great bridge builder between past and present. As a student of Sanskrit, who was immersed in the Shastras, he gave a new assessment to Sahitya-Shastra and can be regarded as a great commentator on the textual tradition of Indian literature.
Sur Sahitya (1936), Bhoomi of Hindi Sahitya (1940), Kabir (1942), Banabhatta’s Autobiography (1946), Hindi Sahitya Ka Adikal (1952), Thoughts on Modern Hindi Literature (1949), Meghdoot: An Old Story (1957) ), Kalidasa’s Lalitya Yojana (1965), The Origin and Development of Hindi Literature (1952), Kutaj (1964), Mrityunjay Ravindra (1970), Memoirs of Great Men (1977) were his major works.
Mahadevi Varma (26 March 1907 – 11 September 1987) was an eminent Hindi poetess, freedom fighter and educationist of India. She was a prominent poet of “Chhayavad”
He gave many illustrations for his poetic compositions like Yama. One of his other works is Neelkanth who talks about his experience with a peacock, which is included as a chapter in the curriculum of the Central Board of Secondary Education for 7th graders. He also wrote Gaura which is based on his real life, in this story he has written about a beautiful cow.
Apart from Mahadevi Varma, my childhood days and Gillum, her childhood memories, her poetry “Pyaesti Meri Deep Jalte Hai”, her memoir, memory line, her maid friend, devotion etc. are still taught in academics across the country.
1943 He was awarded the ‘Mangalprasad Award’ and ‘Bharat Bharti’ Award. After getting independence in 1952, he was nominated as a member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council. In 1956, the Government of India awarded him the title for his literary service ‘Padma Bhushan’. Received the first lady in 1979 in the membership of Sahitya Akademi. In 1988, he was posthumously awarded the title of Padma Vibhushan by the Government of India.
Harivansh Rai Bachchan
Harivansh Rai Bachchan (2ans November 190 – – 1 literature January 2003) was a poet of Pratapgarh district of Uttar Pradesh, the new poetry movement of 20th century Hindi literature. Born in Babupatti village, Harivansh Rai Bachchan’s family poet conference was also held. Kama Bar is known for. He is the great actor of Hindi cinema Amitabh Bachchan of father huh. In 1976, he has been honoured by the Government of India for being awarded the Hindi Literature Padma Bhushan Award
Apart from Madhushala (1935), Tera Haar (1932), Childhood with Moment (1934), (Madhubala) (1936), Madhukalash (1937), Satrangini (1945), Khadi Ke Phool (1948), Agneepath, Sopan (1953) ), Macbeth (1957), Nehru: Political Biography (1961), Kya Bhooloo Kya Yaad Karun (1969), Bachchan Rachnavali’s nine volumes, etc. were his major works which are still read with great fervour.
Bachchan was proficient in several Hindi languages (Hindustani, Awadhi). He incorporated a broad Hindustani vocabulary written in the Devanagari script. While he could not read the Persian script, he was highly influenced by Persian and Urdu poetry, especially Umar Khayyam.