Union Budget 2021 For Social Sector: Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman today presented the general budget for the next financial year 2021-22. In this budget, he made many announcements from cities to villages. The biggest emphasis in cities was on cleanliness. The Finance Minister was also serious about pollution and allocated the budget for air pollution. Apart from this, the next census will be completely digital, for which a provision of Rs 3726 crore has been made in the budget.
Apart from this, workers working in e-commerce businesses like Uber, Ola Swiggy and Jomato do not get salary and do not get the benefit of social security schemes like provident fund, group insurance and pension. For these people, the Finance Minister has announced in the budget that the minimum salary for such personnel will be ensured and employees will be brought under the State Insurance Corporation.
Also read- Agriculture sector will be developed through infra development cess
These announcements made in the budget
- It is proposed to start Mission Nutrition 2.0 by merging the Supplementary Nutrition Program (Nutrition Program) and the Nutrition Campaign to increase nutrient uptake. Under this, 112 districts will be prepared with a good strategy to promote nutrient.
- Water life mission (urban) will be launched. Through this, water supply will be ensured through 2.86 crore domestic tap connections in all 4378 urban local bodies. Apart from this, liquid waste management will be arranged in 50 Amrit cities. For this, 5 years time has been fixed with 2.87 lakh crores.
- Under Urban Clean India Mission 2.0 will be implemented with a financial allocation of Rs 1,41,678 crore over a period of 5 years from 2021-2026.
- To deal with air pollution, it was proposed to allocate Rs 2217 crore to 42 cities centers having population of more than 10 lakh.
- The next census will be completely digital. For this, Rs 3726 crore has been allocated in the budget.
- The Finance Minister announced the launch of the Deap Ocean Mission in the budget for research in the oceans. Under this, deep sea surveys and research will be done. In addition, projects will be conducted to preserve the biodiversity of the deep sea.
- The National Nursing and Midwife Commission bill was proposed to be introduced in the budget.
- For all categories of workers, minimum wage rules will be implemented and they will be brought under the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation. Women will be able to work in all categories and they will be provided adequate security.
- It has been proposed to reduce the margin money requirement from 25 per cent to 15 per cent under Stand Up India for SC-ST and women. It also includes loans given to the agriculture sector.
- More than 15 thousand schools will be reformed according to the National Education Policy.
- 100 new schools will be set up in partnership with NGOs, private schools, states.
- A central university will be established in Leh.
- A target has been set to construct 750 Eklavya Model Residential Schools in tribal areas. Apart from this, it has been proposed to increase the cost of a school from Rs 20 crore to Rs 38 crore. A unit cost of 48 crores has been proposed for hilly and inaccessible areas.
- 35219 crore has been allocated for 4 crore SC students for a period of 6 years till 2025-26.
No special announcement in the last budget
There were no major announcements for the social sector in the Budget 2020, but the government’s commitment to promoting cleanliness and providing clean water to every household was included. Under the ‘Jal Jeevan Mission’ in the budget, a provision of Rs 11,500 crore was made in 2020-21 for the scheme to provide piped drinking water to all households in cities with a population of more than one million. Apart from this, a provision of Rs 12,300 crore was made in the General Budget 2020-21 for the scheme ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’, which is considered close to the heart of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. In the budget 2020, about Rs 85000 crore was allocated for the financial year 2020-21 towards the welfare of Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes and a provision of Rs 53700 crore was made to further the development and welfare of Scheduled Tribes. .