The country is ready to celebrate its 74th Independence Day celebrations, on 12 August 2020 by the Ministry of Tourism See your country Under the webinar series “Lesser-known stories of India’s struggle against the British” Presented the 47th webinar titled.
See your country 47th episode of the webinar series “Lesser-known stories of India’s struggle against the British” Titled Submitted by Ms Akila Raman and Ms. Nayantara Nair. these two Storytrels Represent a company called, an organization that makes people aware of story-based, audio-based, local experiences and learning programs for children and adults. His stories reflect India’s history, culture and way of life. His presenters in this webinar tell us about lesser-known stories of India’s struggle against the British. See your country Webinar series One India Excellent India Is an attempt to showcase India’s rich diversity.
1) Sivaganga – Velu Nachiyar
The story is set in Sivaganga during the rule of Sri Muthu Vaduganatha Periya Odaya Thevar. He was married to Velu Nachiyar, the princess of Ramanathapuram. King Muthu had a dispute with his neighbour, the powerful king of Arcot. At that time, British power was also increasing in South India, and the British had a strong alliance with the Nawab of Arcot. In 1772, the British attacked Sivaganga, intending to take possession for the Nawab. Mr. Muthu sent messengers to talk to him. It seemed that the British had agreed to talk with him, so the soldiers of the Sivaganga army calmed down. Then, the British army attacked and killed everyone including King Muthu.
The essence of this story was the battle fought by Mrs. Velu Nachiyar. She was determined to avenge her husband’s death. He was supported by the Marud Brothers, along with the support of many big chieftains and loyalists. Mrs. Velu Nachiyar was protected by her bodyguard’s leader Mr. Udayal. The British captured him and tortured him enough to find Velu Nachiyar’s whereabouts. Udayal did not tell the British anything and eventually, he was killed. Bahadur Velu raised another battalion of women and named it Udayal Regiment. It was commanded by the loyal Kuili. Velu Nachiar met King Hyder Ali of Mysore and persuaded him to help. Hyder Ali sent 5,000 soldiers to help Velu Nachiyar regain Sivaganga.
But, till now Shivganga was handed over to the British and they accepted that place as theirs. Kuili engaged some female guerrillas for this task and when the British captured them in the Gulf, she entered the ammunition store and opened fire. He died in the process.
Velu Nachiyar became the Empress of Sivaganga and ruled for ten years. Till the merger of the princely states in 1947, Sivaganga was ruled by his family. The Government of India released a postage stamp in his honour in 2008.
(2) Mumbai – Benjamin Horniman
Horniman Circle Garden is a large park in South Mumbai, located in the busy Fort District of Mumbai. Its name The Bombay Chronicle The British editor of a newspaper named after Mr. Benjamin Horniman.
The Bombay Chronicle was started by Sir Ferozeshah Mehta. As its editor, Horniman spoke against colonialism. He used the Bombay Chronicle to speak about Indian nationalist causes.
Then in 1919, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in Amritsar. The British knew that there would be a strong reaction to this incident. The British immediately cut down on the press. Horniman defined censorship. He published the first report of the massacre outside Punjab. He kept telling about it constantly and this made the British worry. He sent Horniman back to England. Horniman ordered these reports and photographs of the British atrocities with him in England and equally presented it to the British public. All this forced the British to face many harsh truths of colonial rule. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was presented before Parliament and condemned by many British politicians. With all his writings in England, Horniman continued to protest against the brutalities of British rule in India. In 1926, he took advantage of the loopholes of the deportation order and returned to India to continue his work.
Even today, in Horniman Circle you can see a red building where a newspaper printed in Gujarati Bombay news Is the office of It is the oldest newspaper in the whole of Asia. It was started in 1822 and continues to operate even after almost 200 years, now known as Mumbai news It is done. The building was also the birthplace of the Bombay Chronicle and is the place where Horniman worked.
Horniman died in 1948, soon after Indian independence. The circle from where the Bombay Chronicle functioned was renamed the Horniman Circle — in honour of an Englishman who showed Indians the power of an independent press.
(3) Institutions to govern India
The British East India Company was a private company ruling parts of the Indian subcontinent. The East India Company was a private limited company, reporting to the board of directors in London. As his role in India increased, he found it more and more difficult to govern in India. He, therefore, introduced some British institutions for management and control in India, including the judiciary, the railway, the army, and English education.
A) Judiciary– The British found it very difficult to use the Indian legal system. So he imported his law only in India and for this, he established three courts in Madras, Bombay and Calcutta. These courts served as the Supreme Court of those Presidencies. You can still see these beautiful court buildings in these three cities.
These courts declared that all were equal under the law. But an Indian judge could not pass judgment on a European. The Governor-General of India, Lord Rippon, attempted to establish this authority with the Ilbert Bill, but they could not succeed.
The Ilbert Bill disillusioned the Indians and woke them to the injustice done to them. This proved to be another major point for the Indian freedom struggle.
B) Railways– Royapuram station in Chennai is the oldest existing railway station in the whole of India. So why did the British gift this railway system to Indians? Because they came here for business and needed to move their goods quickly and efficiently. The second reason was to rapidly send troops from one place to another for safety. By the 1850s, the British had laid railway lines to connect the interiors of their large ports. But the Indian railway system also had some unintended consequences.
Those old Indian trains had bogies reserved for white people. The other bogies were for all Indians – every social class and caste was bound to travel in one compartment without distinction of class and caste. It was very difficult for Indians to accept it. The idea that all people were equal was a new concept for most Indians. But a train ride soon made him aware of it. It was the railways that Indians now began to think of themselves as Indians and began to flirt with them to get their identity.
The idea of equality under the law now allowed Indians to travel in second-class railway bogies and emerged as nationalism. Ironically, the system that the British prepared to rule in India eventually lost it.
C) Armed forces you know that the Madras Regiment is the oldest regiment of the Indian Army? It was formed by Major Stringer Laurence, who assembled a group of Indians and made them a fighting force. The army moved forward and this also brought great security to the British. But there were some places where the army against its British masters like The Vellore Mutiny And Revolt of 1857 I worked so that the attention of the British went fast towards this. It was only the Revolt of 1857 that India was taken under its rule by the British Crown. Today this period which lasted for 90 years British Raj It is said. The army was also captured. But it was not abolished. It was too precious to leave it. And it is shown in the fact that in two world wars more than two million Indians fought for the British in a very respectful manner.
D) English education in British India– Due to the huge size of this country the British found it very difficult to operate. So they decided to educate and use Indians. They decided to use English as a medium of instruction. They also established universities in Madras, Calcutta and Bombay – which are still in place at these places.
Over time, a whole new generation of English-speaking Indians was ready, and quite well off. He did government jobs in offices, banks, army, railways – anywhere. They quickly come to know that Indians are being exploited. Not only did all the prominent freedom fighters speak fluent English, but some of them trained in England: including Gandhi, Nehru, Jinnah, Bose and many more. And so was the education system established by the British in India, that unexpectedly united them.
(4) Madurai-Masi Street
The image of Mahatma Gandhi, who looked attractive in Khadi apparel, had become iconic. He even went to England to meet King George V wearing his costumes dhoti, shawls and slippers. Gandhiji was informing the common Indians about the economic condition of India through his clothes. India was always famous for its cotton clothes. When the British came here, they also took a lot of cotton with them. Gradually, he started taking raw cotton from here, weaving it in England and selling finished cloth in India at a high profit. This meant that yarn cutters and weavers in India remained unemployed. Gradually the completely established cotton weaving industry was over.
In 1921, Gandhiji was on a visit to Madurai in Tamil Nadu. He was surprised to see the poverty of the streets. Many people were so poor that they had only a few clothes on their waists or fewer clothes on the bodies of many. Gandhiji was horrified to see this. They decided that they would wear only what the poorest of the nation had worn. The next morning, September 22, 1921, when Kogandhi Ji left his room in Madurai, he was wearing a small dhoti, sandals on his feet and a shawl. And from then on, these clothes became his identity and he stayed in these clothes till the end of his life.
Gandhiji urged Indians to spin yarn for spinning for themselves and make khadi cloth with it. People from all sections of the country adopted it enthusiastically. With this task, Gandhiji withdrew the freedom movement from the hands of the educated elite and handed it over to the general public. Then cotton cloth made of Sehatha i.e. Khadi became the symbol of freedom fighters uniform and freedom movement.
The house where Gandhiji adopted his new garment is still in Madurai. Today, there is a Khadi shop on the ground floor. There is a small museum on the first floor that marks this historic moment.
Ms. Rupinder Brar of the Ministry of Tourism in her concluding speech incredible India Talked about the Tourist Facility Certification Program, which will enable citizens to learn online, and also become a certified facilitator, which will provide them with an opportunity to showcase this beautiful country of ours. This will further empower them by being responsible and discharging their rights and duties properly.
The Dekho Apna Desh webinar series has been presented in a technical partnership with the National e-Governance Department of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
The sessions of the webinar are now available at https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCbzIbBmMvtvH7d6Zo_ZEHDA/featured as well as on all social media handles of the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India.