The common type of dementia disease is Alzheimer’s. In this, memory and thinking habits of the person are affected.
Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia, in which brain cells are exposed to each other and they start dying. This problem is usually found in people above 60 years of age. It starts reducing the number of certain chemicals in the brain. These chemicals are necessary for the exchange of information in the brain. It is a continuously increasing disease. The rate of progression of the disease varies from person to person.
Symptoms difficult to identify
Not recognizing symptoms in the early stage is a common problem. Even if there is a memory problem, it is considered a result of old age and the person or family doctor does not even mention it during the normal checkup. In other problems such as confusions, apathy, change in character, etc., people do not think that it is due to some disease. Due to these reasons, many dementia sufferers are not treated in the initial time and the family members are taken to the doctor only when the dementia is in middle or advanced stage. Its initial symptoms may be-
- Personality changes.
- Having trouble speaking.
- Forget social methods.
- Trouble walking or balance.
- Cut off from people
- They are in danger
- Family history increases its apprehension.
- There is a risk in people suffering from Down syndrome (intellectual ability and level of thinking).
- There is an increased risk of serious head injury.
- Those who smoke, have high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels or those who have diabetes, the risk of this disease is high.
Treatment depends on tests, blood tests and brain scans. It is also possible that a person has dementia that cannot be overcome with medication. But there are also some medicines which cannot eliminate the disease but can reduce the symptoms and the life of the person may be more normal than before. This improves memory. By avoiding treatment, patients are deprived of this relief.
Learning and using the right methods of care can only work if the family understands that the person has dementia and then changes behaviour and other ways for them.
Risk mitigation measures
These habits can prove helpful in keeping a better mind-
Mental exercise- Increase physical and mental activities every day. Exercise keeps your brain healthy. Light exercise may be the most effective way to prevent psychosis.
Healthy eating: Whole grains, fruits, vegetables and dry fruits. Apart from these, research has found that turmeric and coconut oil are protective as well as help in the growth of new brain cells.
Important to keep weight under control: Do not smoke Always seek the help of a doctor to treat your chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, high blood pressure and abnormal lipids.
Challenge your mind – Postpone retirement or put yourself in some good work that will relieve you. Learning and speaking more than one language can also prove to be very helpful.
Lack of a strong social network, negative mindset and lack of purpose can increase the risk of dementia. In such a situation, there must be positive thinking and living purpose.