Electric vehicle transport can reduce GHG emissions in a way that is in line with the Paris Agreement goal of keeping global warming below 2°C.
Amidst the rapid adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) in India and other countries, a new report has recently come out, according to which it is aimed to put an end to the debate that EVs are conventional internal combustion vehicles (Internal Combustion Vehicles) i.e. petrol. -Not much cleaner than diesel-powered vehicles, even for cars. Registered Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) today have the lowest life-cycle GHG (Greenhouse Gas) emissions ever.
A paper released by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), a non-profit organization, showed that the lifetime emissions of the average medium-sized BEV registered today are 66–69 percent lower than comparable gasoline cars. Europe, 60-68 percent in the United States, 37-45 percent in China and 19-34 percent in India. ICCT Managing Director for Europe Peter Mock said, “Even for India and China, which are still heavily dependent on coal power, the life-cycle benefits of BEVs still exist today.
Furthermore, as the power mix continues to decarbonise, the life-cycle emissions gap between BEV and gasoline vehicles widens substantially, with mid-sized cars expected to be registered in 2030, the report said. Have an estimate. The report looked at life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from passenger cars, including SUVs, and found a sharp and careful distinction between the climate impacts of battery and fuel cell electric vehicles on the one hand and combustion vehicles on the other.
Only battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) powered by renewable energy transport can reduce GHG emissions in a way that is in line with the Paris Agreement goal of keeping global warming below 2°C. Is.
“An important result of the analysis is to show that trends in life-cycle emissions are similar across all four regions,” said ICCT Deputy Director Rachel Munkrif. BEVs have better relative GHG for already registered cars despite differences in vehicle mix, grid mix and so on between them.
These analyzes were done separately and in depth for the European Union, the US, China and India, and captured differences between the markets, which account for about 70 percent of new car sales worldwide. In addition to its global scope, the study is comprehensive in considering all relevant powertrain types, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and a range of fuel types including biofuel, electrofuel, hydrogen and electricity. For the study, the life-cycle GHG emissions of cars registered in 2021 were compared with those of cars registered in 2030.
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