Ethanol is extracted from spoiled food grains and agricultural residues like sugarcane and wheat, broken rice. This will help India in reducing vehicular pollutant emissions.
On World Environment Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced the decision to pursue India’s goal of using ethanol based petrol. Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday said the deadline for achieving the target of 20 percent ethanol blending in petrol has been reduced by five years to 2025 to cut carbon emissions and reduce dependence on imports. Earlier this target was to be met by 2030.
Prime Minister Modi said, “Now ethanol has become one of the major priorities of 21st century India. The focus on ethanol is having a better impact on the environment as well as the lives of farmers.” Ethanol is extracted from spoiled food grains like sugarcane and wheat, broken rice and agricultural residues. This also reduces pollution and farmers also get a means of earning separate income. This will help India save on the expenses incurred in the fuel import bill besides reducing the pollutant emissions of vehicles.
After the Prime Minister released the report of an expert committee on the plan related to ethanol blending in India during the year 2020-2025 at a function organized on World Environment Day, Modi said, “The target of 20 percent ethanol blending in petrol by 2030. The year has been shifted earlier to 2025. Last year, the government had set a target of blending 10 percent ethanol in petrol by 2022 and 20 percent ethanol by 2030.
Currently 8.5 percent ethanol is mixed with petrol
He said that at present, around 8.5 per cent ethanol is mixed with petrol, whereas in the year 2014 the level of this blending was only 1-1.5 per cent. He said that with more ethanol blending, the purchase of ethanol has increased from 38 crore liters per annum to 320 crore liters now. “When 20 per cent blending starts happening, then the quantity of ethanol procurement will increase further,” he said.
Aim to achieve 20% ethanol blending by 2025
Last year, oil companies spent Rs 21,000 crore on ethanol purchases. Earlier this week, the oil ministry had issued a gazette notification to introduce up to 20 per cent blending of ethanol in petrol with effect from April 1, 2023. A target has been set to mix 20 percent ethanol in all petrol sold in the country by the year 2025.
Ethanol is a major source of income for farmers
India is the world’s third largest oil importer, which is dependent on imports from abroad to meet more than 85 percent of its demand. Narendra Modi said that focusing on ethanol is having a better impact on the environment as well as the lives of the farmers as it provides another source of income to the farmers.
Before his speech, the Prime Minister interacted with some farmers from Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat to know about their experience about ethanol plants that would increase their income. He inquired from the farmers about the impact of these ethanol plants on their income, their experiences about the use of cow dung and use of organic fertilizers to make biogas that can be used for cooking and driving vehicles. taken.
In the current ethanol supply year (October-September), India plans to do 10 per cent ethanol-blending with gasoline. For this 4 billion liters of ethanol will be needed. By 2023, 10 billion (1,000 crore) liters of ethanol would be required to achieve the 20 percent blending level. The sugar industry will supply 6 million tonnes of surplus sugar to produce the required seven billion liters of ethanol, while the remaining ethanol will be produced from surplus grain.
(with language input)
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